A Supplier Selection, Evaluation and Re-Evaluation Model for Textile Retail Organizations

Topics: Decision theory, Supply chain management, Decision making software Pages: 35 (5864 words) Published: December 14, 2012
(REFEREED RESEARCH)

A SUPPLIER SELECTION, EVALUATION AND
RE-EVALUATION MODEL FOR TEXTILE RETAIL
ORGANIZATIONS
TEKSTİL PERAKENDE ORGANİZASYONLARINA YÖNELİK
TEDARİKÇİ SEÇİM, DEĞERLENDİRME VE YENİDEN
DEĞERLENDİRME MODELİ
Aşkıner GÜNGÖR
Pamukkale University
Industrial Engineering Department
e-mail: askiner@pau.edu.tr

Semih COŞKUN
Pamukkale University
Industrial Engineering Department

Güngör DURUR
Pamukkale University
Textile Engineering Department

Hacer GÜNER GÖREN
Pamukkale University
Industrial Engineering Department

ABSTRACT
In general, supplier selection is a multi-criteria decision problem that contains tangible and intangible factors. This paper identifies and organizes these factors into a three-phase supplier selection model for a textile retail organization. The first phase of the model is designed to identify the relative importance of the factors associated with the identification of a portfolio of suppliers from rather a large set of candidate suppliers. In the second phase of the model, factors required for the evaluation of the suppliers, selected in the first phase, depending on their ability to meet the product requirements are identified and their weights are suggested. In the last phase, the factors related to system performance of the certified suppliers determined in the second phase of the model are identified and their relative importance values are suggested. The model utilizes Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Analytic Network Process (ANP) as decision-making tools. Both model and the weights of the factors determined present a valuable insight on supply processes of a wide range of textile products supplying departments of all retail chain companies. Key Words: Supplier selection, Textile industry, Retail organizations, AHP, ANP. ÖZET

Genel olarak, tedarikçi seçimi birçok nitel ve nicel faktörü bünyesinde barındıran çok-kriterli bir karar problemidir. Bu çalışma, tekstil sektöründe faaliyet gösteren bir perakendeci için sözkonusu faktörleri belirleyerek üç aşamalı bir tedarikçi seçim modeli içinde değerlendirmektedir. Modelin ilk aşaması geniş bir aday tedarikçi havuzundan daha az sayıda nitelikli tedarikçilerin belirlenmesinde etkili olan faktörlerin göreli önem derecelerini belirlenmesi amacını taşımaktadır. İkinci aşamada ise birinci aşamada belirlenmiş tedarikçilerin ürettiği fiziki ürünlerden beklentileri karşılama düzeyini sorgulamakta önemli olan kriterler ve bu kriterlerin önem derecelerinin ortaya çıkarılması amacı ile tasarlanmıştır. Son aşama ise bir gözden geçirme aşaması olup birlikte çalışılan tedarikçilerin sistem performanslarını irdelemekle ilgili faktörlerini ve bu faktörlerin önem derecelerini tespit etmeye yöneliktir. Modelde, Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS) ve Analitik Serim Süreci (ASS) karar verme araçları kullanılmıştır. Geliştirilen model ve elde edilen faktör ağırlıkları perakende zincir firmalarından üreticilere kadar geniş bir yelpazede yer alan firmalara fayda sağlayacak niteliktedir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Tedarikçi seçimi, Tekstil endüstrisi, Perakende kuruluşları, AHS, ASS. Received: 16.08.2009

Accepted: 16.11.2009

1. INTRODUCTION
The financial crises force the global
retail chain suppliers to reduce the
product costs to preserve the market
share and stay profitable while ongoing
changes in customer demands and
expectations require increase in the
characteristics of the product and
service quality. Big retail chains

TEKSTİL ve KONFEKSİYON 3/2010

textile/apparel departments usually
use a multiple sourcing strategy to
reduce risk and to lower down cost,
while at the same time, to establish
close relationships between both
customers and suppliers. Retail
companies need to improve their
supply chain operations continuously,
and meanwhile, add new suppliers to
the existing supply chain as part of

improvement activities if necessary.
How to select new partners and evaluate
current partners becomes critical in...

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