Shaheer Mahdi Jilanee
Professor Donald Kerchis
Political Science 300
1st November 2014
2nd 4-Page Paper
Women and Development
Contrary to popular belief, women have had a significant yet unacknowledged impact in the development of this world. Many great authors have brought this issue to light with various publications, but none quite like Howard Handelman and Joseph N. Weatherby in The Challenge of Third World Development and The Other World respectively. In chapters 5 and 4 titled Women And Development of these publications, Handelman and Weatherby respectively, explore the unnoticed impact women have had in developing the world, the challenges they have faced trying to do so and how much as well as in which sector of a nation have they had the most impact. In this paper, I am going to explore these issues with Handelman and Weatherby as well as give you my thoughts on the arguments they make regarding this topic as well as test the validity of these arguments in real world scenarios. So, without further ado, let us jump into these chapters.
They both start off their respective chapters by presenting us with some important issues women are facing in this world, these include: female circumcision, honor killings and rape or gang rape among other various issues affecting women of the world now. They then go on to present us with some facts about women in developing countries, these include: The fact that, in the “traditional countryside,” women harvest 60-80 percent of food even though policy planners still think of male heads of house in terms of both responsibility and income among others. They also talk about 3 ways in which awareness regarding this growing issue is being raised in said developing countries and these are: 1. Emergence of gender-related social science, 2. Policy planners with more awareness and 3. Growing female political empowerment.
They continue through the chapter talking about women in the economic sector of countries, citing some examples including: The fact that, most poor women work in agriculture, domestic service, the informal sector, intense labor jobs with low wages, or nurturing professions as well as in East Asia where women are often the first cut from jobs during cutbacks and strikes because their employers believe the men need the jobs more. These are just some of the various examples of ways in which women are either affecting or being affected in the economic sector of countries.
Furthermore, they move through the chapter explaining how women fit into the political sector of countries, some of these points include: Large increases in female college students and professionals as well as the fact that many educated women only have their opportunities because they were born into rich/royal/political families among others. Women have become very influential in the political sector of countries and above are just some of the many roles they are playing in this vast sector of countries. They finally conclude the chapters introducing us to the Political Organizations that women have created all over the world as well as some of the challenges that come with it. According to them, there are three types of women that are usually involved in Political Organizations and they are: 1. Feminist and middle class women, 2. Less wealthy women disillusioned with leftist beliefs and 3. Working class women with humans rights questions. Now, some of the challenges women face regarding Political Organizations include: The fact that women have to play the “super-mother” to be heard as well as the fact that women fair worst under right-wing authoritarian regimes. Women have band together in many instances and made these Political Organizations to have their voices heard and with these initiatives come different challenges they have to face, some of which are listed above. Now that we have looked at all these points and arguments made by these two remarkable authors, what do I think of them? Do I...
Cited: 1. Challenge of Third World Development By Howard Handelman, Chapter 5
2. The Other World By Joseph N. Weatherby, Chapter 4
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