Why Drilling Shouldn’t be Allow in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

Topics: Petroleum, Exxon Valdez oil spill, Climate change Pages: 2 (751 words) Published: December 12, 2013

Why Drilling Shouldn't be Allow in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

In my opinion drilling shouldn't be Allow in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge because it is more of an environmental issue. Due to the fact that oil and gas exploration and development in the (ANWR) would have a major effect on the water resource. It is most concerning because it’s a factor that contributes, negatively towards a wide variety of species that are inhabitant of that particular area that are being affected by limited resource of water that they need for their survival. The reason drilling is an issue because it can alter the character of an ecosystem. For example Arctic ecosystem is characterized by many complex interactions, and changes to one component may have secondary but significant effects on other ecosystem components. Which means oil exploration and development have substantially changed environments where they have occurred in Alaska’s central Arctic. Another reason drill is an issue because of factor that comes into play when drilling occurs such as oil spills, contaminated waste, and other sources of pollution have had measurable impacts on an environment. Like the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska and the more recent Deep-water Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico. These disasters have displayed that there is no safe way to drill for oil and gas in the Arctic refuge, no way to guarantee wildlife will not be harmed by resource extraction in the refuge and no way to ensure the Arctic refuge will be protected for future generations and if Congress allows oil and gas exploration on the coastal plain there are costly consequences that wildlife have to endure. Oil drilling presents a potential risk of oil spills; in the Arctic the impacts of such spills could be catastrophic. Spills are more dangerous here because the combination of a colder climate, slower plant growth rates and longer animal life spans hinder recovery efforts. Additionally, no technology currently...
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