Ethics is a word that comes "from the Greek word ethos (character), and from the Latin word mores (customs). Together, they combine to define how individuals choose to interact with one another"(Ethics). According to the text Accounting Ethics, "ethics, in all its forms, is concerned with right or wrong, good or bad"(Duska, 2011). The Christian worldview of ethics is a major topic that is debated throughout the world. The biblical basis of Christian ethics is "firmly rooted in the unchanging moral character of God"(Paris, 2014). God is never changing, He even tells us in His Word that he does not change, "I the Lord do not change. So you, the descendants of Jacob, are not destroyed"(Malachi 3:6).
In today's time there are many ethical viewpoints. Some of these viewpoints are compatible with Christian World view and some are not. There are six major types of ethical systems. "Geisler categorizes ethics systems into two categories"; views that are compatible with the Christian World view, are called "absolutisms" and the views that are not compatible are called "non-absolutisms"(Paris, 2014). The three that are not compatible with the Christian world view are antinomianism, situationism, and generalism. The three that are compatible are unqualified absolutism, conflicting absolutism, and graded absolutism.
Antinomianism is the ethical system that "literally means- against or instead of law"(Paris, 2014). According to newadvent.org, it means "that Christians are exempt from the obligations of moral law" (Antinomianism). This way of thinking says "that there are no binding moral laws, everything is relative" (Paris, 2014). There are three basic tenets for Antinomianism. These are that "there are no God-given moral laws", that "there are no objective moral laws that are binding on all human beings- rather individuals simply choose to live by laws", and that "there are no timeless moral laws"(Paris, 2014).
Situationism is the ethical system that "claims that there is only one absolute moral law, and telling the truth is not it. Love is the only absolute and lying may be the loving thing to do"(Geisler, 2010). The basic tenets of Situationism "is that it claims allegiance to one unbreakable norm", and "there is one law for everything which is the law of love" (Paris, 2014). People, who hold this ethical belief, say that "all other laws, rules, principles, ideals, and norms are only contingent, only valid if they happen to serve love in any situation" (Paris, 2014).
Generalism is the ethical system that says that "there are some binding moral principles, but none of these moral laws are considered to be absolute" (Paris, 2014). Generalism says that "as a rule, lying is wrong, but it specific cases this general rule can be broken Since there are no universal moral laws, whether a given lie is right will depend on the results"(Geisler, 2010).
Conflicting Absolutism is the ethical system that "recognizes that we live in an evil world, where absolute moral laws sometimes run into inevitable conflict"(Geisler, 2010). The basic tenets of this system are that "God's moral law is absolute and binding on all", but that "there are moral conflicts that are unavoidable" and "when there is a moral conflict an individual has a duty to do the lesser evil" (Paris, 2014).
Graded Absolutism is the ethical system "has many absolute laws that sometimes conflict" and if the conflict does occur "individuals are responsible for obeying the higher law" (Paris, 2014). A great example of these was even in the text Christian Ethics; it says "we should lie to save the life and then ask for forgiveness for breaking God’s absolute moral law"(Geisler, 2010).
Unqualified Absolutism is the ethical system that "believes that there are many absolute moral laws, and none of them should ever be broken"(Geisler, 2010). There are five basic tenets for this system. The first one is "God's unchanging character is the basis of moral...
References: Antinomianism. Retrieved January 17, 2015, from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01564b.htm
Duska, R., & Duska, B. (2011). Accounting ethics (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. Ethics. Retrieved January 17, 2015, from http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/ethics
Geisler, N. (2010). Christian ethics: Contemporary issues & options (2nd ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic.Web. 17 Jan. 2015. .
New International Version. Retrieved January 17, 2015, from http://www.biblegateway.com
Paris, S. (2014) Presentation #1. Ethics-Intro & Christian Worldview
Paris, S. (2014) Presentation #2. Major Ethical Systems Part 1
Paris, S. (2014) Presentation #3. Major Ethical Systems Part 2
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