TOU201 SUSTAINABLE TOURISM Group Assignment Draft 2

Topics: Global warming, Climate change, Singapore Zoo Pages: 21 (4112 words) Published: March 15, 2015
TOU201 SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
GROUP ASSIGNMENT
CHEN ZHI WEI 32565747
TEO ZHI WEI 32508964
SERI WIDARTI 32540973
AMRIT SINGH 32571575
EUNICE TAN

Abstract
The relationship between tourism and sustainability is complex, with little being paid to the environmental surrounding to positively contribute to sustainability. The environmental factor plays a role to sustainability of the destination or attractions. One of the main factors that has been the main topic of the environmental issue is global warming and how it has affected many destinations around the world. Global warming is the phenomenon that is hitherto and is the number one cause of the drastic climate changes around the world. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the largest driver of global warming is the emission of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, cement production and land use changes such as deforestation. These are all human influences that causes the change in the global water cycle, in reduction in snow and ice and changes in some climate extremes. This paper reports on the causes and the impacts of climate change on tourism and its attractions and how it could be combated in the near future.

Introduction
Climate change is the change of average weather conditions and the time intervals of its occurrence. The emission of carbon dioxide, deforestation cause climate changes such as the rise of global sea levels, global temperature and the decreasing in Arctic sea ice. All of these human activities has a huge impact upon the environment, the economy and the society. The Singapore Zoo has been chosen as a tourist attractions to discuss the sustainability of the site and the usefulness of selected indicators targeting climate change, leading to global warming and rising sea levels. Several indicators pertaining to the triple bottom line has been made prior to the visit to the Singapore Zoo. These indicators will then help in the research of the climate change (Change, n.d).

Background of The Singapore Zoo
The Singapore Zoo, or formerly known as the Singapore Zoological Gardens was opened on the 27th of June 1973 after it was forced to close down in 1905 when it was first built inside the Singapore Botanic Gardens in the early 1870s. When the zoo reopened in 1973, the zoo had about 300 animals and 70 species, and quickly gained its one millionth visitor in 1974.

Now, the zoo sees about 1.6 million visitors annually and is more than just a place for family outings. The zoo is also known to have programmes that are educational for both adults and children to promote awareness of the conservation of animal biodiversity. Currently, the zoo has over 2,800 animals and more than 300 species and has been rewarded with many achievements over the past 40 years ( History, n.d).

4Literature Review
4.1Sustainable Tourism
With reference from John Swarbrooke (1999), he refers sustainable tourism to being a tourism that is not just about protecting the environment but it is also a concern with long-term economic viability and social injustice. In terms of the research made at the Singapore Zoo, these are also some of the points covered when results were collected.

Economic indicators, social indicators and environmental indicators were where the results derived from and then the results collected were used to reflect on the Zoo’s effort to keep the attraction sustainable. Their efforts also reflects on their contribution to the effects of global warming and climate change (Swarbrooke, 1999).

4.2Sustainable Indicators
Indicator
Issue being evaluated
Academic source
Other source
Economic

Profitability
Exploitation to the visitors
F&B Outlet
Ticket Packages

IRAS (Inland Revenue Authority Singapore)
http://www.iras.gov.sg/irasHome/page03a.aspx?id=7980
Contribution to the economy
Tour guides from tour agencies that brings the tourists around...

References: Global Climate Change. (n.d.). Retrieved November 03, 2014, from http://climate.nasa.gov

Park Experience. (n.d.). Retrieved November 02, 2014, from http://www.zoo.com.sg/visitor-info/park-experience.html

Singapore Zoological 2014, from Gardens. (n.d.). Frozen Tundra. Retrieved November 01, http://www.zoo.com.sg/exhibits-zones/frozen-tundra.html#ad-image-0
Singapore Zoo History. (n.d.), Retrieved November 05, 2014, from http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_403_2005-01-19.html

Swarbrooke, J. (1999). Sustainable Tourism Management. CABI.

World Wildlife Fund. (n.d.). Polar Bear. Retrieved November 03, 2014, from http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/polar-bear
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