TOK Essay

Topics: Global warming, Climate change, Climate Pages: 4 (1224 words) Published: November 2, 2013

To what extent does personal or ideological bias influence our knowledge?
How would one rate the effectiveness of their personal experiences or ideological bias on their knowledge claims? Most people would think their knowledge claim is a true belief, but without some form of proof, data, or authority verification it is not a true knowledge claim. It is known that what distinguishes knowledge from belief is truth, but if you only believe a portion, it may be true or false. Therefore, it should be a justified true belief. It is important to be open-minded and except all things that are new to you, but it is your choice to decide how far you let your personal experiences affect your knowledge claims. While looking at any of the different Areas of Knowledge, what one group believes to be true, may be false to another. With a fast paced, ever-changing environment the ideological bias of others tends to interfere with our personal understanding of the world.

Ethics involves the task of attempting to clarify values, define what is right from what is wrong, and show us how humans are supposed to behave. It is the moral branch of knowledge that deals with moral principles.TheFather of Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud suggested that incest and patricide (the act of murdering your own father) were the only two universal taboos and formed the basis of civilization. Freud goes on to state that these taboos (incest) will continue to play a significant role in modern society. In the late 17thcentury, Charles II of Spain of the Spanish Habsburgs were known for their inbreeding. There were at least five levels inbreeding within his family. The inbreeding was so widespread that all eight of his great-grandparents descendants of Joanna and Philip I of Castile. As a result of these incestuous relationships the children developed mandibular prognathism also known as the Habsburg Jaw. The jaw is seen jutting out with an unusually large bottom lip. Royal incest was more commonly...
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