The Group Decision Making Process

Topics: Decision making, Decision theory, Risk Pages: 6 (1826 words) Published: June 8, 2014
My paper will identify a group decision making experience. The existence for any organization to be successful it must have a group of participants wanting to attain the identical purpose. The successful example I like to use is the real world experience that happened during the Cuban Missile Crisis that nearly led the Nation into a nuclear war with the USSR. The movie, “The Missiles of October” (Page, 1974), was a great illustration that challenged the group decision making process. When groups come together for the purpose of discussing ideas and formulate plans that will affect the organization and in this case the security of the Nation, several issues will arise. To be more successful and effective, the techniques used in performance to complete the task or activity are essential. The nominal group technique of brainstorming and even electronic meetings can potentially assist in complicated situations. For increased organizational decision making to occur, the assumption of these methods must be facilitated. Verbal and non-verbal interface are key for interacting groups to communicate effectively. A cause for members to question each other and withhold alternate ideas is the hidden pressures of judgment and disapproval of recommendations is attributed to poor organized meetings. Brainstorming promotes “an idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives while withholding any criticism” (Robbins, Judge, Millett & Waters-Marsh, 2008).

The movie, “The Missiles of October” (Page,1974), covers the progressive process of decision making. While watching this production, I recalled during my childhood I was in the second grade back in 1962. I could not imagine how aware my parents were because they were not into the politics thing. President Kennedy’s decision he would have to make would put the lives on the line for millions of people and the future on the Nation was at stake. Good or bad, he would be held accountability and liable for the decision’s outcome.

According to Harrison (1999), the powerful and complex process of decision making is full of information, diversions, distrust, ambiguity, and struggles. The decisions made in most of America do not reach the pinnacle of those made by world leaders such as during the missile crisis but must the process must still be reviewed which we should all understand in order to make appropriate decisions as leaders. Awareness in setting objectives is necessary to follow the decision making process. Accomplishing the organizational purpose objectives are used to measure success. (Harrison, 1999).

When first made aware of the crisis, President Kennedy was presented with a number of objectives. After presented with photographic evidence there were missiles in Cuba delivered to them by the Soviet Union, he knew this was a direct threat to the security of our Nation. The Soviet Union on several meetings with the President had assured the missiles did not exist there however, intelligence revealed the fact the missiles were there. President Kennedy’s immediate reaction benefitted him personally. Knowing elections were coming, his objective was to win it. The decision he makes if wrong, chances are he would lose the faith of the American people. As information flowed from his select committee and people of America to include his personal contacts with the Soviet Union, the objectives changed. The big worry was avoiding a war and not winning or losing the election. The potential outcomes of his decisions included finding America in the midst of a war, and potentially with a new president and government. Granted, his desire was for a peaceful resolution and to govern for four more years, however we can see how one decision has the ability to stream into so many other potential areas. (Bazerman, 2005).

The decision making processes the search for alternatives once an objective is determined if a war is to be avoided. How can we avoid a war? During...

References: Bazerman, M. (2005). Judgment in Managerial Decision Making (6th ed.). New York, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Harrison, E. F. (1999). The Managerial Decision Making Process (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Page, A. (Director). (1974). The Missiles of October (Motion Picture). Orland Park, IL: MPI Media Group.
Robbins, Judge, Millett & Waters-Marsh. (2008). Organizational Behavior. Australia: Pearson Education
Schermerhorn, J. R., Hunt, J. G., Osborn, R. N., & Uhl-Blen, M. (2010). Organizational Behavior (11th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
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