The Ethics and Immanuel Kant

Topics: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant Pages: 5 (1453 words) Published: January 29, 2011
1. Define Ethics
-the study of standards of conduct and moral judgment; moral philosophy; the system or code of morals of a particular person, religion, group, profession, etc. -Ethics can be one of two things: it can be something that you study and think about, or it can be a code that you follow and live by. Thus, it would seem that the definition of ethics is a code determined by what is "right" and "wrong." Ethics also refers to a code of conduct that guides an individual in dealing with others. -Norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. 2. Define Moral

-relating to, dealing with, or capable of making the distinction between right and wrong in conduct. 3. Differentiate the two
Ethics = a set of good values commonly or academically or juridically or worldly agreed by the men (human being) using sense and appropriateness. Moral = a set of good values that is rather spiritual suggested/agreed by one's religious belief. 4. Traits of moral principle- are practical action guide

Five Morel Principle
1. Utilitarianism
2. Rights
3. Distributive Justice
4. Ethics of Care
5. Virtue Ethics
Five Features
1. Prescriptivity
2. Universalizability
3. Overridingness
4. Publicity
5. Practicability
5. Why is professional ethics important?
Because, Professional ethics concerns the moral issues that arise because of the specialist knowledge that professionals attain, and how the use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public Ethics is important because it is concerned with right and wrong and how conduct should be judged to be good or bad. Professional Ethics is important in all aspects of life because it is the vital part and the foundation on which the society is build. A business/society that lacks ethical principles is bound to fail sooner or later. Making the right decision based on the code of conduct is very important. The consequences of professional misconduct, on the other hand, can lead to a loss of reputation, a fine, or even a jail sentence. 6. Why are ethics relative?

Ethics are relative because morals and values change from time to time and culture to culture, there can be no solid basis for praising anything as “right” and another “wrong”, seeing as how the same action will be viewed differently when considered from different points of view. 7. Define Utilitarianism

-Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy, generally operating on the principle that the utility (happiness or satisfaction) of different people can not only be measured but also meaningfully summed over people and that utility comparisons between people are meaningful. -Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined solely by its utility in providing happiness or pleasure as summed among all sentient beings. It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome 8. Happiness is the ultimate basis ofmorality

-Fundamental Principle of Morality is the Principle of Utility, or Greatest Happiness Principle: pick the course of action that is most likely to produce the greatest good (satisfaction, pleasure, happiness) of the greatest number of people. The utilitarian doctrine is that happiness is desirable, and the only thing desirable, as an end; all other things being only desirable as means to that end. Happiness is the ultimate end (in the sense of “goal” or “purpose”), then it, and only it, should serve as the basis for morality. 9. Immanuel Kant-

Immanuel Kant was born in the East Prussian city of Königsberg, studied at its university, and worked there as a tutor and professor for more than forty years, never travelling more than fifty miles from home. Although his outward life was one of legendary calm and regularity, Kant's intellectual work easily justified his own claim to have effected a Copernican...
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