The Australian Government’s Response to the Threat of Communism During the Vietnam War Period

Topics: Communism, Vietnam, Communist state Pages: 5 (2129 words) Published: March 15, 2014
The Australian Government’s Response to the Threat of Communism During the Vietnam War Period After WWII, Australia still faced a severe threat, the threat of communism. Communism was seen as a perfect government, a utopia, by communists, but in reality it’s riddled with corruption and power struggles and a lack social security and identity. The Australian government responded to this threat in many ways, they gave economic aid, made alliances, took military action and even tried to ban the Communist Party of Australia. Australians didn’t see communism as a threat until it had spread to China, they then began to fear it was only a matter of time before they had to face ‘the red tide.’ In the 1949 election campaign, the liberal party attempted to ban the Official Communist Party of Australia, it was deemed unconstitutional, but showed Australians the government’s fear of communism. Prime Minister Robert Menzies stood strong and continued to rally against communism in Australia. We joined the Vietnam War in 1950 to try and stop the flow of communism as Australia, as a whole, believed in the domino effect where communism takes control of a country one by one. Another of the government’s responses was the ANZUS treaty and SEATO alliance. The ANZUS treaty included Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America, and meant that if one of the nations involved was attacked, the other two were obliged to help. Australia signed this because the government believed that we needed strong allies to protect us from communism. Communism in Vietnam has played a key role in the politics of Vietnam since independence, Marxism was introduced into Vietnam with the emergence of three separate communist parties; the Indochinese Communist Party, Annamese Communist Party and the Indochinese Communist Union, joined later by a Trotskyist movement led by Tạ Thu Thâu. In 1930 the Communist International (Comintern) sent Nguyễn Ái Quốc to Hong Kong to coordinate the unification of the parties into the Vietnamese Communist Party with Trần Phú as the first Secretary General. Later the party changed its name to the Indochinese Communist Party as the Comintern, under Joseph Stalin, did not favor nationalistic sentiments. Nguyễn Ái Quốc was a leftist revolutionary living in France since 1911. He participated in founding the French Communist Party and in 1924 traveled to the Soviet Union to join the Comintern. Through the late 1920s, he acted as a Comintern agent to help build Communist movements in Southeast Asia. During the 1930s, the Vietnamese Communist Party was nearly wiped out under French suppression with the execution of top leaders such as Phú, Lê Hồng Phong, and Nguyễn Văn Cừ. In 1941 Nguyễn Ái Quốc, now known as Hồ Chí Minh, arrived in northern Vietnam to form the Việt Minh Front, short for Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội (League for the Independence of Vietnam). The Việt Minh Front was supposed to be an umbrella group for all parties fighting for Vietnam's independence, but was dominated by the Communist Party. The Việt Minh had a modest armed force and during the war worked with the American Office of Strategic Services to collect intelligence on the Japanese. From China, other non-Communist Vietnamese parties also joined the Việt Minh and established armed forces with backing from the Kuomintang.Communism in Vietnam has played a key role in the politics of Vietnam since independence, Marxism was introduced into Vietnam with the emergence of three separate communist parties; the Indochinese Communist Party, Annamese Communist Party and the Indochinese Communist Union, joined later by a Trotskyist movement led by Tạ Thu Thâu. In 1930 the Communist International (Comintern) sent Nguyễn Ái Quốc to Hong Kong to coordinate the unification of the parties into the Vietnamese Communist Party with Trần Phú as the first Secretary General. Later the party changed its name to the Indochinese Communist Party as the Comintern, under Joseph Stalin, did...
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