The Albanian Government: From Communism to Democracy

Topics: Communism, Democracy, Communist state Pages: 10 (3818 words) Published: February 5, 2013
Research Question: How did the Albanian government evolve from a Communism to a Democracy? Introduction
Communism is a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state (4). In the communist system, all individuals are equal. No matter how much one works, everyone gets equal pay; therefore, this decreases personal motivation to work hard. The government also takes away all property rights, which prevents people from having the ability to make their own wealth (1). All of the property in the country is taken into the hands of the government and they equally distribute it to the population. The citizens that break the law have to face severe punishments, depending on what those countries’ laws are. Everything is regulated in a communism; the government in a sense is aiming to create a perfect community, where everyone gets the same amount of money. This leads to no people suffering from lack of food or unemployment (1). In theory all people are equal, and there are no social classes present in communist countries (4). All people are equally rewarded; this might seem fair, but actually it is not because some workers are more devoted than others and they get paid the same amount of money. However, everyone has a job, and there is no competition present among citizens. No one is competing to have the better company or to be the most successful because they are not rewarded as a person but as a country (1). If one person or a group of people disagree with the government there is not much that they can do; the laws are the laws and they have to be followed (1). Every aspect of people’s lives is completely controlled by the dictator of the country. On the contrary, a democracy is a political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections (2). People are active participators as citizens, in politics and civic life (2). There is a law passed in democratic states, and this law is applied equal to all of the state’s citizens (2). In a democracy the people are free, as long as they obey the laws that are passed by the government. People have the ability to choose who represents them in the government, through elections and fair vote. The citizens of a democratic country have basic rights that they have to abide by, but they are also obligated to exercise them in peace (2). Laws are used to maintain order in a country, and every citizen in a democratic country has to obey the laws that are passed. The laws are enforced for every citizen, no matter who they are. In a democratic government people definitely have their freedom. They have more of an ability to make their own choices on how they want to lead their lives, as long as no laws are broken. There is a lot of competition between people within communities; there are limited jobs available and many people who need them. This results in social classes being formed; in most democratic states you can find low, middle and higher classes. Everyone is in it for themselves and each person works in order to create a better future for them. Property does not have as much regulation by the state; people can buy and sell their properties according to their will, always following the laws that have been passed. (2) The people who the citizens vote for are not appointed for life. If they are unhappy with someone that was previously voted into the government, they simply do not vote for them next time (2). After describing these two political systems, it is possible to better convey how they impacted Albania.

Enver Hoxha was the first leader of the Albanian communist party. At age sixteen, Hoxha studied at a French Secondary School in Korce (Albania); he got his first ideas of Communism while he was at this school (6). After graduating from high school, he was given a scholarship to study abroad at a...
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