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Topics: 21st century, Education, Learning Pages: 17 (5243 words) Published: July 20, 2013
School Libraries Worldwide

January 2010, Volume 16, Number 1, 17-28

____________________________________________ Guided Inquiry: School Libraries in the 21st Century Carol Collier Kuhlthau
School of Communication and Information, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, USA

Global interconnectedness enabled by information technology calls for new skills, knowledge and ways of learning to prepare students for living and working in the 21 st century. Guided Inquiry equips students with abilities and competencies to address the challenges of an uncertain, changing world. School librarians are vital partners in creating schools that enable students to learn through vast resources and multiple communication channels. School libraries are dynamic learning centers in information age schools with school librarians as primary agents for designing schools for 21st century learners.

Call for 21st Century Skills
The 21st century calls for new skills, knowledge and ways of learning to prepare students with abilities and competencies to address the challenges of an uncertain, changing world. Some think that an Internet connection in the classroom is all that is needed to transform a 20 th century school into a 21st century learning space. If only it were that simple. Some have assumed that the Internet makes school libraries obsolete. Research shows that this is definitely not the case. A new way of learning is needed that prepares students for living and working in a complex information environment. Our research shows that school libraries are an essential component of information age schools. School librarians are vital partners in creating schools that enable students to learn through vast resources and multiple communication channels. Teachers cannot do this alone. School librarians are primary agents in schools for 21st century learners. School libraries are dynamic learning centers in information age schools.

Information Technology – The Easy Part and the Hard Part
Consider some of the attributes of emerging information and communication technologies that change the way we live. Internet connection provides direct access to vast information resources. Mobile devices provide instantaneous communication any time and any place. Multifunctional hand-held devices are ubiquitous around the world from cosmopolitan urban centers to remote rural outposts. Web 2.0 tools help us interact, connect and collaborate in new ways. Technological tools that have become part of our everyday life have great benefit for people across the world. However, there are potential dangers as well. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Copyright of works published in School Libraries Worldwide is jointly held by the author(s) and by the International Association of School Librarianship. The author(s) retain copyright of their works, but give permission to the International Association of School Librarianship to reprint their works in collections or other such documents published by or on behalf of the International Association of School Librarianship. Author(s) who give permission for their works to be reprinted elsewhere should inform the Editor of School Libraries Worldwide and should ensure that the following appears with the article: Reprinted, with permission, from School Libraries Worldwide, Volume 16, Number 1, January 2009, pages 17-28.

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Carol Collier Kuhlthau

Guided Inquiry: School Libraries in the 21 Century

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There is an upside and a downside to these fantastic devices. For instance, information technology is instantaneous and mobile providing equality of voice, access and communication in real time. Everyone has a voice but this also produces an abundance of misinformation and misunderstandings, intended or not. Questions arise of what is accurate, reliable, important and wise. There is confusion between what is enduring and what is ephemeral in...

References: American Association of School Librarians. (2007). AASL standards for the 21st century learner. Accessed 29 December, 2008. http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/guidelinesandstandards/learningstandards/standards.cf m
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School Libraries Worldwide
January 2010, Volume 16, Number 1, 17-28
American Library Association. (January 10, 1989). Presidential committee on information literacy. Final report. Chicago: American Library Association. Accessed 29 December 2009. http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/whitepapers/presidential.htm Callison, D., & Preddy, L. (2006). The blue book on information age inquiry, instruction and literacy. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited. Center for International Scholarship in School Libraries. (2009). Student Learning Impact Measure. Accessed 29 December 2009. (http://cissl.scils.rutgers.edu/) Daniels, H. (2004). Literature circles: Voice and choice in student-centered classrooms. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers. Donham, J., Bishop, K., Kuhlthau, C. C., & Oberg, D. (2004). Inquiry based learning: Lessons from Library Power. Santa Barbara, CA: Linworth Publishing. Harada, V. H., & Yoshina, J. M. (2004). Inquiry learning through librarian-teacher partnerships. Santa Barbara, CA: Linworth Publishing. Harrington, L. (2006).Guided research in the middle school: Mystery in the media center. Santa Barbara, CA: Linworth Publishing. Hopkins, D. M., & Zweizeg, D. L. (1999). Student learning opportunities summarize Library Power. School Libraries Worldwide, 5(2), 97-110. Krashen,S. D. (2009). Anything but reading. Knowledge Quest, 37(5), 18-25. Krashen, S. D. (2004). The power of reading: Insights from the research, 2nd ed. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. Kuhlthau, C. C. (2004) Seeking meaning: A process approach to library and information services, 2nd ed. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited. Kuhlthau, C. C. Maniotes, L. K., & Caspari. A. K. (2007). Guided inquiry: Learning in the 21st century. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited. Kuhlthau, C. C., Heinstrom, J., & Todd, R. J. (2008). The ‘information search process’ revisited: Is the model still useful? Information Research, 13(4), Accessed 8 Jan 2010. http://informationr.net/ir/134/paper355.html. Limberg, L., & Alexandersson, M. (2003). The school library as a space for learning. School Libraries Worldwide, 9(1), 1-15. Lu, Y. L., & Gordon, C. A. (2008). The effects of free choice on student learning: a study of summer reading. School Libraries Worldwide, 14(1), 38-55. Maniotes, L. K. (2005). The transformative power of literary third space. University of Colorado at Boulder, CO: ProQuest Dissertation and Theses. AAT 3168285. Schmidt, R. K., Smyth, M. M., & Kowalski. V. K. (2008). Lessons for a scientific literature review: Guiding the inquiry. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited. Todd, R. J. (2006). From information to knowledge: Charting and measuring changes in students ' knowledge of a curriculum topic. IR Information Research, 11(4). Available at: http://www.informationr.net/ir/11-4/paper264.html
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