REFLECTIVE WRITING: DIEP
Reflective writing aims to
think about and
your learning experiences. Reflective writing
can be included in a variety
of different assignment tasks. It can include keeping a reflective journal or learning
log with multiple entries – particularly for professional placements – or be part of an
essay or report.
papers can be
informal, focusing on self-‐awareness, while
other may be
theory and developing a framework for professional development. It is, therefore, important to
This outline presents one approach to reflective writing, using a DIEP strategy.
THE DIEP strategy
The four steps in this approach (adapted from Boud, Keogh, & Walker, 1985) are to describe,
Interpret, evaluate and plan.
D – Describe objectively what happened.
Answer the question: ‘What did I do, read, see, hear, etc.?’
I – Interpret the events.
Consider why events happened in the way they did. Explain:
o What you saw and heard
o Your new insights
o Your connections with other learning
o Your feelings
o Your hypotheses and/or conclusions
Answer the question: ‘What might this mean?’
E – Evaluate the effectiveness and usefulness of the experience •
Make judgments that are clearly connected to observation you have made. Answer the questions:
o What is my opinion about this experience?
o What is the value of this experience?
o Why I think this?
P – Plan how this information will be useful to you.
Consider how this learning experience might be useful for you: o Course
o Future career
o Life generally
Answer the question: ‘How will I transfer or apply my new knowledge and insights in the future?’
Study Tips: Reflective writing - DIEP
Using the DIEP strategy for writi ng a
In your writing, attempt...
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