Public Policy

Topics: Decision theory, Public policy, Rational choice theory Pages: 3 (625 words) Published: July 3, 2013
Paper Public Policy M. Phil Semester One
Q.1. Define the following terms.
1. Problem:
A Sudden happening or a thing that is difficult to deal with or to understand. 2. Public Policy:
Public Policy is the action taken by government to address a particular public issue. It is implemented by local, state and federal government. 3. Goal:
The achieved point of any action is call goal or you can say the ending point. 4. Output:
The formal action that government takes to pursue its goal is call output. 5. Outcome:
The effects/impact such actions have on society is called outcome. 6. Legitimacy:
The thing or action that is according to law is call legitimate act and legitimacy mean allowed and acceptable according to the law. 8. Authority:
The power to make laws, execute that law and legitimate that law is call authority. Q.2.
Short Question and their answers:
Q.NO.1. Stages of the Public Policy Formulation?
1. Problem identification
2. Agenda setting
3. Policy formulation
4. Policy legitimacy
5. Policy implementation
6. Policy evaluation
Q.NO.2. Steps to analyze public policy.
1. Problem identification:
a. Nature of problems.
Whether it is real or created
b. Emergence.
When it emerge and why it late etc
c. Identification.
When it identified, examine the time frame of identification of problem. Q.NO. 3. Model Of Public policy formulation.
1. Plurist model
2. Elite model
3. Rationalism model
5. Incrementalism
5. Group theory
6. Public choice theory
7. Game theory
8. Institutionalism
Q.NO.4. What is the difference between Plurist and Elitist Model? In Plurist model the issues must have the following characteristics to be elevated on institutional agenda. 1. specificity (journal to specific)

2. social significance
3. temporal relevance
4. simplicity
5. Categorical precedence: matter that are routine or more likely to take precedent then issue that are unique. The Elite...
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