PS Seminar

Topics: Flipism, Decision theory, Rational choice theory Pages: 2 (323 words) Published: December 17, 2013

But a more realistic analysis suggests that bureaucracies often make decisions based on a much more limited range of information and analysis. In one of the earliest formulations of this view, bureaucracies make decisions by "muddling through." Charles Lindblom's classic article "The Science of Muddling Through" (1959) outlined his view that the U.S. executive bureaucracy uses limited policy analysis, bounded rationality, and limited or no theory at all in formulating policy. In some ways, Lindblom and those who developed his interest in streamlined decision making in bureaucracies presaged more recent attention to the ways that individuals make very quick decisions using very little information. (Malcolm Gladwell's 2005 book Blink

gathered research from a range of disparate fields to
explore how "snap judgments" commonly use very abbreviated
information, like facial expressions, to make judgments in the space of a few seconds.) Lindblom took issue with the so-called "rational-comprehensive" approach that had dominated research and teaching in public administration, and still is often presented as the ideal method for developing public policy. According to this approach policy makers begin addressing a particular policy issue by ranking values and objectives. Next, they identify and comprehensively analyze all alternative solutions, making sure to account for all potential factors. In the third and final step, administrators choose the alternative that is evaluated as the most effective in delivering the highest value in terms of satisfying the objectives identified in the first step.

Decision making process-
Changing something
Minimize risk and uncertainty
Rational
Two schools- rational vs. non-rational
Two basics of decisions- facts or values
Heuristics- how one evaluate a decision or circumstance
Rational Decision making
- game theories
-abilene paradox
-Vroom-Jago decision model (yes or no)
-Pareto-efficiency
-Policy...
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