This approach is based on a curriculum design which assumes that in the process of living, children experience problems. Thus, problem solving enables the learners to become increasingly able to achieve complete or total development as individuals. This approach is characterized by the following views and beliefs: 1.
The learners are capable of directing and guiding themselves in resolving problems, thus they become independent learners. 2.
The learners are prepared to assume their civic responsibilities through direct participation in different activities. 3.
The curriculum leads the learners in the recognition of concerns and problems and in seeking solutions. The learners are considered problem solvers
This problem-centered design or others call it as Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is a student- centered pedagogy in which through the experience of problem solving, students learn about a subject. Not only that, the students can also learn both thinking strategies and domain knowledge. To help the students develop flexible knowledge, effective problem solving skills, selfdirected learning, effective collaboration skills and intrinsic motivation are the goals of Problem-Based Learning.
For the students to identify what they already know, what they need to know, and how and where to access new information that may lead to resolution of the problem, they have to work in groups. To facilitate learning by supporting, guiding, and monitoring the learning process is the role of the instructor or also known as the tutor in PBL. This model represents a paradigm shift from traditional teaching and learning philosophy, which is more often lecture-based. The constructs for teaching PBL are very different from traditional classroom/lecture teaching.
One positive thing about this design is that this addresses the need to promote lifelong learning through the process of inquiry and constructivist learning. This design is considered a...
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