political system of singapore

Topics: Communism, Democracy, Parliamentary system Pages: 3 (802 words) Published: October 3, 2013
Political System
According to Quah as cited in Funston:
“Controlled democracy” – “a republic with a parliamentary system of government based on the British Westminster model, but which has been adopted to suit the local conditions”. Three important differences between the Singaporean and British parliamentary systems: (1) Singapore has a written constitution; (2) Singapore has a unicameral legislature; and (3) Singapore is not a monarchy. Head of State – President  elected by the citizens of Singapore for a term of six years and is no longer a symbolic figure. Head of Government – Prime Minister  appointed by the President on the basis of majority vote in Parliament According to Kim as cited in Quah:

Singapore’s political system can be described as a mixture of parliamentary democracy, multiracial polity, and mixed-economy state. Multiracial polity – multiracialism is another feature of Singapore’s political system.  Accommodation rather than assimilation and the careful and sensible policies pursued by both the British and PAP administrations have mainly contributed to the preservation of racial harmony.  PAP realized that national unity would be impossible to achieve without the strong support of the Malay-and the other communities in Singapore. A Modern, Mixed Economy – Singapore is a new state with a new society and its political system is modern and secular. Why: (1) Singapore is the only city-state in the region which has an almost non-existent indigenous population as most of the people were migrant origin; (2) It has the most developed entrepot trade city in SEA with no agrarian hinterland; (3) Chinese form the majority and where by implication a strong managerial class has evolved; and (4) It has the highest literacy rate.

Electoral System
Compulsory Voting
 Singapore adopted the British electoral system of “first past the post”.  Two goals of having a compulsory voting: (1) to overcome the problem of apathetic electorate; and (2)...
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