Part 6 Apcket

Topics: Soviet Union, Communism, World War II Pages: 38 (13683 words) Published: January 4, 2015
Part 6
The Most Recent Century
1900-2010
Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe 1900-1970s
Chapter Learning Objectives
To examine the history of Europe between 1910 and the 1970s as an organic whole made up of closely interconnected parts
To consider the repercussions of nationalism and colonialism in Europe and Japan
To increase student awareness of the effects of the two world wars
To help students imagine the appeal of totalitarian movements in the twentieth century

Chapter 22 The Rise and Fall of World Communism 1900–Present Chapter Learning Objectives
To examine the nature of the Russian and Chinese revolutions and how the differences between those revolutions affected the introduction of communist regimes in those countries
To consider how communist states developed, especially in the USSR and the People’s Republic of China
To consider the benefits of a communist state
To consider the harm caused by the two great communist states of the twentieth century
To introduce students to the cold war and its major issues
To explore the reasons why communism collapsed in the USSR and China
To consider how we might assess the communist experience . . . and to inquire if historians should be asking such questions about moral judgment

Chapter 23 Independence and Development in the Global South 1900–Present Chapter Learning Objectives
To explore the breakup of imperial systems in the twentieth century
To consider, through the examples of India and South Africa, how the process of decolonization worked
To examine the challenges that faced developing nations in the second half of the twentieth century
To investigate the potential clash of tradition with modernity in the developing nations, especially considering the case of Islam in Turkey and Iran

Chapter 24 Accelerating Global Interaction Since 1945
Chapter Learning Objectives
To consider the steps since 1945 that have increasingly made human populations into a single “world” rather than citizens of distinct nation- states
To explore the factors that make it possible to speak now of a true “world economy”
To explore the debate about economic globalization
To raise student awareness of global liberation movements, especially feminism, and their implications for human life
To investigate the “fundamentalist” religious response to aspects of modernity
To consider environmentalism as a matter that cannot help but be global because the stakes are so high for all humankind
To step back and ponder the value of studying history

Chapter 21 Outline
I.Opening Vignette
A.The last veterans of World War I are dying.
1.disappointment that it wasn’t the “war to end all wars”
2.but now the major European states have ended centuries of hostility
B.The “Great War” (World War I) of 1914–1918 launched a new phase of world history.
1.it was “a European civil war with a global reach”
2.between 1914 and the end of WWII, Western Europe largely self-destructed
3.but Europe recovered surprisingly well between 1950 and 2000
a.but without its overseas empires
b.and without its position as the core of Western civilization II.The First World War: European Civilization in Crisis, 1914–1918
A.By 1900, Europeans, or people of European ancestry, controlled most other peoples of the world.
B.An Accident Waiting to Happen
1.modernization and Europe’s rise to global ascendancy had sharpened traditional rivalries between European states
2.both Italy and Germany unified ca. 1870
a.Germany’s unification in the context of the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871) had embittered French-German relations
b.rise of a powerful new Germany was a disruptive new element
3.by around 1900, the balance of power in Europe was shaped by two rival alliances
a.Triple Alliance (Germany,...
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