01 December 2014
“The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant
“The Necklace” is a short story written by Guy de Maupassant. It was published on February 17, 1884 in the daily French newspaper called Le Gaulois which he has also worked as an editor. The story has become one of Maupassant's most popular works and is well known for its twist ending, which inspired many other author’s to write their stories the same way that Maupassant did. This story can teach people the morals of how to and how not to handle certain situations. “The Necklace” contains many moral lessons that are portrayed by the main character that may be beneficial or detrimental for a person to apply in real-life. Morality speaks of a system of behavior in regards to standards of right or wrong behavior. The word carries the concepts of: moral standards, with regard to behavior; moral responsibility, referring to our conscience; and a moral identity, or one who is capable of right or wrong action. Common synonyms include ethics, principles, virtue, and goodness. Something is morally right if it’s morally permissible, and morally wrong if it’s morally impermissible. For example, it’s morally right to help people and give to certain charities, but morally wrong to kill people indiscriminately. There are many related ideas concerning morality, such as what we ought to do, right and wrong, and justice; but these ideas often have a non-moral counterpart. Moreover, etiquette and law are often confused with morality, but they are not identical to morality. What’s polite or legal is often moral, but not always. What’s bad etiquette or illegal can be moral as well. Morality has become a complicated issue in the multi-cultural world we live in today. People learn morality in a variety of ways. Some learn from it as they age, where they live, their religion, or mostly from parents. Moral development involves children learning how to tell the difference between right and wrong; to use this knowledge to arrive at appropriate decisions when faced with complicated choices; and to have the strength and independence to act in accordance with that right decision (to "do the right thing") despite the fact that it may not be a convenient thing to do. As with other components of development, morality is shaped by multiple factors. Children's interpersonal experiences with family, peers, and other adults, as well as their maturing physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills combine to influence moral development (Oswalt). Moralities in human society are inherent and internal within us. The mechanism that creates morality is built into our genetics. Morals are subject to a wide range of applications and extremes and some societal moralities can be created from lies and false beliefs. They are subject to change and most are not absolute. What was once moral, for example slavery, is no longer moral today and thus we move on toward a more civil and moral human society (Leon). This story is about a woman named Mathilde Loisel, whom is “pretty and charming” but feels she has been born into a family of unfavorable economic status. She married a man named Loisel that was a lowly clerk in the Ministry of Education. He can afford to provide her only with a modest, though not uncomfortable lifestyle. Mathilde feels the burden of her poverty intensely. She wants to live just like the wealthy, high-class group. Her husband managed to obtain an invitation to a formal party hosted by the Ministry of Education. He hopes that Mathilde will be thrilled with the chance to attend an event of this sort, but she is instantly angry and begins to cry. Through her tears, she tells him that she has nothing to wear for this occasion. Her husband is upset by her reaction and asks how much a suitable dress would cost. She tells him that 400 francs would be enough. Her husband quietly balks at the sum but agrees that she may have the money. She then realizes...
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