Pakistan-Vietnam Comparison

Topics: Vietnam War, Vietnam, South Vietnam Pages: 12 (3372 words) Published: July 7, 2011
|Assessed Coursework for |

|LUBS/MATH |5 |2 |5 |9 |M |

MODULE TITLE: Cross-Cultural Management

MODULE LEADER: Mr. Malcolm Chapman

|STUDENT NUMBER: |2 |

Pakistan & Vietnam
A Cultural Comparison
Table of Contents

Introduction4
The Colonial Occupation & Cold War Era4
Politics5
Economy6
Other Cultural Aspects8
Conclusion9
References10

Introduction

Vietnam and Pakistan are two different nations displaying a broad spectrum of cultural values that these nations observe in their politics, economics, social and environmental domains. My study gave me an opportunity to learn about cultural comparisons between the two countries on a macro level which involve not only contrasts but incredible similarities and eventually how these 2 different societies have come out in past 50 years merely due to their cultures, behaviours and actions taken. Culture is one of the key Performance Indicator that builds up a country and displays the frame of mind of the respective nation.

The Colonial Occupation & Cold War Era

Pakistan and Vietnam share a similar background of colonial occupation. Pakistan appeared on the map of the world in 1947 after a long struggle against the British Occupation and then as a result of Sub-continent partition. The British had left behind a system which was later embraced by both Pakistan and India especially in the area of politics and education. As elaborated by (Marilyn.B.Young,2002), Vietnam was once a French Colony from 1861 till 1954. In contrast to Pakistan, The French colonial system had less impact on the Vietnamese society since before the French, Vietnam had been under strong influence of China therefore the Vietnamese culture has deep connections with the Chinese culture. Even during French occupation, China continued to have influences and links in Northern Vietnam. It was not surprising that Vietnam later emerged as a communist state.

(Marilyn.B.Young,2002) explains Vietnam War as one of the most prominent cold war that started in 1963 when Ngo Dinh Diem was assassinated in South Vietnam and National Liberation Front (NLF) started to operate in that region. NLF was strongly supported by North Vietnam establishment. This movement sparked the attention of the United States and then began the infamous involvement of the US army that resulted in 2 million Vietnamese causalities. During this phase Vietnam was in complete disorder and civil unrest was observed in the most hideous form. The war left the nation with horrifying memories and shattered economy.

Pakistan though has not faced Cold War directly like Vietnam but it had a major impact on its society due to the Afghanistan Cold War which erupted as a result of Russian assault. Millions of Afghan Refugees flocked to Pakistan for shelter along with some undesirable elements that infiltrated which brought drugs and weapons into the country. By the end of Cold War and Taliban taking over Afghanistan, Pakistani nation was left with bigger challenges to face, both political and economic in nature. Most of the Afghan Refugees didn’t leave but they contributed in country’s economy by establishing businesses in the textile & transportation industry. In Pakistan around 1.5 million Afghanis are living adding diversity in Pakistan’s cultural scene.

It is very interesting to see how involvement of other nations like stated above can impact a country’s various cultural domains which we will discuss in following topics 1) Politics 2) Economy, and 3) Other Cultural Aspects.

Politics

One of the elements that Pakistan adopted from British colonial was the ‘Parliamentarian’ system. The system however is extremely mutated where power is concentrated at the Federal level and is centralized. Provisional autonomy is inadequate when it...

References: Encyclopaedia of Modern Asia(2001)- Vietnam-Economic System
Reports/Publications
• WEF(2010)- Global Gender Gap Report http://members.weforum.org/pdf/gendergap/report2010.pdf
http://members.weforum.org/pdf/gendergap2010/Pakistan.pdf
http://members.weforum.org/pdf/gendergap2010/Vietnam.pdf
• Tuong-Vu (2009), Party and Party System in Communist Vietnam
http://www.mcgill.ca/files/isid/TuongVu.Vietnam.pdf
• UNESCO(2008), National Adult(15+) Literacy Rate
http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=210
• Hoa Nguyen(2004), Agricultural Policies in Vietnam
http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/mtidp79.pdf
• Dwayne-Benjamin(2002), Agriculture and Income Distribution in Rural Vietnam under Economic Reforms: A Tale of Two Regions
• Vu.V.Tuan(2000) – Corporate Culture in Vietnam
http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/63025946.html
• AusAid(2000), Vietnam-Legal and judicial development
http://www.ausaid.gov.au/publications/pdf/vietnam_wp3.pdf
• Mike Berrell, Phil Wright, Tran Thi Van (1999)- The Influence Of Culture On Managerial Behaviour
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=880369
• Nyguyen Khac Kham (1960)- Introduction to Vietnamese Culture (UNESCO)
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001478/147804eb.pdf
Websites
• Wikipedia(2010), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Vietnam
• Wikipedia(2009), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Vietnam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_Vietnam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Pakistan
• Vietnam-Culture(2006), www.vietnam-culture.com
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