It is already understood by researchers in the Human Sciences field that gender is one of the most important topics concerning identity which is crucial “to understand social and cultural changes in contemporary life” (p. 289). The article “On being white, heterosexual and male in a Brazilian school: multiple positionings in oral narratives”, written by Luiz Paulo Moita Lopes, aims to expose how the social identities of whiteness, heterosexuality and masculinity are naturalized and constructed as the parameter to define the marginalized social identities, that is, the blackness, homoeroticism and femininity. To corroborate this argument, the author analyzes how a 14-year-old boy positions himself and others in the narratives he tells in his school.
Before presenting the collected data, the writer provides the perspective taken into consideration by him to analyze and better understand [ ]. The researcher points out a view of discourse and narrative as social constructionist approaches, which not only represent the world but also express our actions. The social identity, thus, is constructed in people’s local discursive practices and is legitimated by narrative, that is the tool used to position ourselves in a plot.
Afterwards, the survey goes further on these approaches and begins by exposing a brief overview and analysis of how the concept of positioning is constructed among different research fields, such as Cultural Studies, Social Sciences and Social Psychology. Moita-Lopes states that “the SIDs one identifies with or is identified with depend on the positionings one has occupied/will occupy in the narrative practices one has been or is involved with” (p. 296). In other words, social identity is generated according to how one positions him/herself, the listeners and the characters in a narrative.
The data collected to the research contains 24 hours of audiotaped classes and focus-group interviews with 5th grade students of the public sector school...
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