Natural Disaster and Decision That Follows

Topics: Hazard, Natural disasters, Risk Pages: 3 (628 words) Published: April 11, 2013
Natural Disaster and decision that follows
Natural disaster risk can be defined as follows:

The exposure or the chance of loss (of lives, persons injured, property damaged and economic activity disrupted) due to a particular hazard for a given area and reference period. In case of a disaster event, there are several effects, such as humanitarian effects, including the loss of lives and persons injured; ecological effects among other damage to ecosystems; and economic effects, comprising different effects on the economy. National disaster effects can be caused by the disaster itself or by follow-on, directly or indirectly.

List of Alternatives:
1. Awareness
2. Planning and prevention
3. Response

1. Awareness
With good data, the public understands the need for preparation and risk reducing measures. Governments, the private sector and the media build awareness of risks and risk-mitigation principles at national, regional, and community levels. Schools play an important role. Children from a young age must understand the perils to which their communities are exposed and the appropriate response behaviors. Education in the community is required to ensure that awareness building continues in adult life. The media run long-term campaigns on regional natural catastrophe risks, highlighting the benefit of resilience and risk pooling measures. Multiple channels should be used, using resonating messaging to counter psychological tendencies of avoidance and denial, and foster behavioral change.

2. Planning and prevention
Planning and prevention require long lead times, especially for physical resilience projects. These large-scale projects and local community response plans are both important to community awareness. Coordinating these measures to ensure effectiveness and efficient use of funds requires a central government figure called “country risk officer” who is tasked with keeping up-to-date risk and asset data, coordinate...
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