Communism and the Russian Revolution Essay
“At first glance, communism seems like an attractive system but the events and aftermaths of the Russian Revolution in 1917 show that it was doomed for failure,”
At First glance communism appears like an appealing system, but the events and aftermath of the Russian Revolution in 1917, clearly show that it is a system doomed to fail. This essay will discuss aspects of communism, particularly the rise of communism in Russia, focusing on what communism is, the lead up to the Russian Revolution and its aftermath.
Communism is a concept that promotes the removal of property and ownership. In this system all belongings are commonly owned, meaning that they are accessible to everyone as desired. Communism generally is not a workable system; firstly, because the government is rich and society is poor, secondly, human nature clashes with this system because human nature is driven by self-interest, and thirdly, due to the fact that there are a lack of rights in this type of society.
Ultimately communism would be considered idealistic, due to the fact that it can not be assumed that all will follow the policy’s and laws that it has in place, instead many choose to abuse the freedom. Some people will be more motivated than others, leading to conflicts within society, due to some doing more than others, but everyone receiving the same things in similar quantities. Although it is evident that this system is basically bound for failure, the majority of the population, living in the early 20th century Russia were attracted to the idea of communism, this was due to a number of factors including the failure of their army, high taxes and lack of food. In addition, the society saw need for change because the laws that the Tsar had employed were not operating efficiently.
Before the Russian Revolution, conditions in Russia were relatively poor, with food being limited, lack of freedom, and poor leadership along with large taxes having to be paid by the citizens. Due to the bad conditions many residents were displeased with the Tsar’s unfair rules, and wanted a new one to replace him. In 1904 Russia fought with Japan, competing for Manchuria and Korea. Russia were convinced they were going to win, but surprisingly were beaten, leaving much of Russia in doubt about their Tsar and their military forces. Due to these series of displeasing events the Russian society began to doubt their Tsar, and he became increasingly weaker. While the current Tsar, Nicholas II, was becoming increasingly less popular, Vladimir Lenin, who had previously been exiled due to his academic reports against the law, crept back in to Russia, in 1917, to eventually take control and become Russia’s most powerful man. Lenin quoted “No amount of political freedom will satisfy the hungry masses”, which may have been one of the major factors for why Lenin saw a need to take control of Russia, as Russians were becoming poorer, with conditions in factories being extremely harsh, with little concern for health and safety, many industrial workers were working up to 11 hours a day.
In the years immediately prior to the revolution, a number of events occurred that helpd to build the mood for change. During 1904, prices of vital goods went up rapidly, leading to 110,000 workers in St. Petersburg going on strike. In order to resolve the argument, a petition was made to Nicholas II, which summarized their miseries and requests. This petition asked for a decrease in the working hours, growth in salaries and for upgrading working conditions. Over 150,000 people signed the petition on the 2nd of January 1905. The large group of workers went to Winter Place to present the petition to their Tsar, Nicholas II. Police confronted the crowds of petitioners when they arrived, where 100 workers were killed, and 300 were injured. This incident, known as Bloody Sunday was the event that indicated the beginning of the...
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