Utilitarianism can be defined as an ethical philosophy that an action is morally right if its consequences lead to pleasure, and wrong if it ends in pain. There are two types of utilitarianism, that is act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism proposes a decision making procedure for every detailed action. Rule utilitarianism state that utilitarianism standard should be applied not to individual actions, but to moral codes as a whole.
There are some arguments for utilitarianism. That is, it provides a clear basis for formulating and testing policies. Besides that, utilitarianism also provides an objective way of resolving conflict, for example making a decision and self-interest. A flexible result-oriented approach to moral decision-making and also an equal weight in everyone interest. Therefore the working society accepts this concept very easily because whichever action that maximizes their happiness is right. One example is the airlines industry. Business class passengers pay a premium price to get all the luxuries of that class that the airline offers. The huge difference between the price of an economy class ticket and a business class ticket, the extra amenities that are being offered to the business class travelers, traveling for the same amount of time as the economy class, worth the exorbitant price. the premium price charged from the business class travelers - the ones who can easily afford it - are actually used to ease out the burden of deficit that the airline would have to bear if it is to allow the economy class passengers the opportunity for air travel at a lower price. The principle also plays in case of discriminatory pricing strategies of companies when pricing products for different customer segments having different income levels.
There are also arguments that against utilitarianism. The first argument is that is utilitarianism really workable? This is because utilitarianism is difficult to factor in the unlikely...
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