Module 6 Study Guide
Provide a detailed description of the historical importance of each of the famous people, key terms and places listed below. Focus on explaining what is most important to know about each including information that helps explain who, what, when, where and why. Use the lessons listed in parentheses to find the necessary information and avoid using Google, Wikipedia or other internet sources.
Caudillos (6.01): a Castilian word meaning leader; it’s usually used to describe a military leader at the head of an authoritarian regime
Adam Smith (6.03): Scottish moral philosopher, Adam Smith has been called the father of modern economics. In his book The Wealth of Nations, he favored capitalism as the most efficient and productive economic system.
Karl Marx (6.03): Karl Marx was a philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Born in Germany Marx was deeply moved by the misery of the British working classes during his lifetime, and this sympathy contributed significantly to his socioeconomic theories. He was unequivocally opposed to the capitalist system,
Robert Owen (6.03): Robert Owen was a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
Gandhi (6.06, 8.05): was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. , Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. protesting for more than 20 years for India's independence from British rule. Finally, after World War II, Britain agreed to grant this independence. However, the Muslim league in India wanted the nation to be partitioned along religious lines into
Kenyatta (6.06): Jomo Kenyatta led the Kenya African Union (KAU), which fought for independence. Jomo Kenyatta was the leader of Kenya from independence in 1963 to his death in 1978, serving first as Prime Minister and then as President. He is considered the founding father of the Kenyan nation
Nelson Mandela (6.06): Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
FW de Klerk (6.06): is a South African politician who served as the country's State President from September 1989 to May 1994. He was the seventh and lasthead of state of South Africa
Key Terms and Places
Latin American Revolutions (6.01): wars of independence, the 18th- and 19th-century revolutionary wars against European colonial rule that led to the independence of the Latin American states. Any of the other revolutions and rebellions that have taken place in Latin America during and since European colonial rule, in the 20th century
Cotton Gin (6.02): device invented by Eli Whitney to process raw cotton by removing the seeds from the plant’s fibers
Agricultural Revolution (6.02): a period of development in the 18th-19th centuries in which major advancements and improvements in agricultural practices were developed
Industrial Revolution (6.02): a change in the production of goods characterized by the introduction of machinery and other technological advances that began in Europe in the late 18th and 19th centuries
Lowell System (6.02):
Utopian Socialism (6.03): one who supports the idea that society needs to be organized along planned, cooperative lines, but that this can be done without revolution by finding a benevolent ruler or by forming cooperative communities
Boxer Rebellion (6.04): (1900) anti-western rebellion by a group of Chinese nationalists who exposed the exploitation of China by imperialist powers; defeated by European Imperialists
Opium War (6.04): First Opium War: (1838-1842) Britain won and China was forced to accept Opium as payment for it's resources. Second Opium War(1856-1858) China was defeated again and forced to accept Opium as payment again Effects of the Opium...
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