Means or Ends
If you were put in the situation of having to save either one person, or five people, which would you choose? That’s a pretty simple solution; greatest good for the greatest number. Utilitarianism is the superior means of solving moral dilemmas. By explaining different cases, I will prove that Utilitarianism is the superior means of solving moral dilemmas.
T.J is a profoundly brain damaged, critically ill infant. She is both blind and deaf. The nurses are struggling trying to take care of her. She often vomits back her feedings and is most often fed through a nasal gastro tube. The nurses have to decide whether they want to continue to make the baby suffer by continuing to feed her, or to stop feeding her and to end the pain and suffering. As a Utilitarian, the best solution would be to end the pain and suffering and stop feeding the baby. The infant is going to die regardless of whether they continue to feed it or not, it would just take longer for the baby to die if they continued to feed it. The worst thing to do would be to make the poor baby suffer.
Early human embryo is composed of stem cells. Scientists believe that these pre-differentiated cells hold the key to curing many diseases. Among these are diabetes, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injury, heart damage and cancer. They wish to experiment on these cells, either creating them themselves using donated eggs and sperm or using early embryos that are to be discarded from fertility clinics. As a Utilitarian you would agree to the stem cell research. The embryos that would be tested are from both donated egg and sperm, or from embryos that have already been discarded. Some believe embryos are human beings and should not be tested on. How do you justify when exactly a cell becomes a human being? Think about it. These donated embryos can help find a cure to all of these diseases, diseases that take away our loved ones forever. The choice is quite simple, do the stem cell research.
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