Mao's policies

Topics: Marxism, Communism, Mao Zedong Pages: 3 (968 words) Published: April 15, 2014
History essay
Analyze the methods used by Mao\CCP regime to obtain and consolidate power (up to about 1954) Mao’s Ideology:
Mao’s consolidation of power involved a number of aspects such as the use of the PLA and institution of terror. However, it was his ideological goals that set him apart from the rest of the CCP and ensured that he would remain the symbol with which the people of China associated CCP with. This flexibility of tactics, while realizing that traditional, orthodox Communism needed to fit in with the current specific Chinese situation became the fundamental factor to the CCP ‘s rapid success from the years leading up to 1949 and beyond. As Whitfield said, Mao’s strategy of focusing on the peasants and therefore the rural areas of China “ensured…the survival of the Communist Party and later its eventual victory”. This emphasis of the mass population of the peasants who took up the majority of China’s people; his key ideas which were based on class struggle, revolution, self-reliance and perusing the large amount of people in China to their advantage became known as the Mao Zedong Thought. This was to become extremely important as the “official doctrine” of the Party; Mao’s role of sustaining the “general line” of the Party came hand in hand with his methods of terror, altogether cementing his authority as the leader of the CCP and therefore consolidating his ultimate position.

The Army:
One such method that Mao used to consolidate his power over China was the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Every year, over 800 000 men were conscripted into the army; in other words, it was compulsory for them to join. As Whitfield remarked, a PLA member was not only “trained in warfare (but) indoctrinated in the ideology of the Communist Party”. The PLA was therefore a fundamental component in which Mao ensures young people of China are educated about the Party ideology; Whitfield remarked that the ideology was important for Mao to “control the Party...
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