'Mao's consolidation of power between 1949 and 1953 was entirely dependent on terror and repression.' Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

Topics: Suicide, People's Republic of China, Communism Pages: 2 (711 words) Published: January 5, 2010
Mao used terror and repression constantly in the years from 1949 to 1953, however there were also other methods which he used to consolidate his power, and it is hard to decide whether both methods were equally successful or whether one of them was vital to the survival of the communist party with Mao as its dictator.

Mao used terror and repression most notably to eliminate political threats to his power. The best examples of this are the purges of the CCP, including those of Gao Gang and Rao Shushi, who supported him but appeared slightly too ambitious, and the Suppression of Counter Revolutionaries campaign. Mao imprisoned Rao, who died in prison 20 years later, and caused Gao to commit suicide to avoid further humiliation; these two methods definitely count as fear and repression. The suppression of counter revolutionaries involved 28,332 executions. These two examples scared the Chinese population into following communism blindly and repressed anyone with political ideas different to Maos, and is a perfect example of Mao using terror and repression to consolidate his power and control the population.

Mao often used repression more than terror, for example in the three and five antis campaigns, which he arguably used as an excuse to punish people to demonstrate his power. Those found guilty of any of the antis were only subjected to labour camps, fines or confiscation of property, but many people committed suicide rather than facing the humiliation an estimated 2-3 million people. This reaction just illustrates how effective repression was in China; Mao did not always have to rely on execution or other physical punishments to control his people.

Mao had many means of threatening people to prevent them from challenging him. Labour camps or lao-gais acted as an excellent deterrent and had been proven in several other dictatorships such as Stalins and Hitlers. People sent there often died or committed suicide before they went. Another common feature of...

Bibliography: : Wild Swans, Jung ChangMao: the Unknown Story by Jung Chang and John Hallidaywww.wikipedia.com
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Balfour's Leadership Was Responsible for the Decline in the Popularity of the Conservative Party Between the Years 1902-1906. Explain Why...
  • It was the contrast between Douglas – Home and Wilson that led to the labour Party’s victory in 1964. Explain why you agree or disagree with...
  • Nazi Consolidation of Power in 1933 Was Primarily Due to the Use of Terror and Violance.' How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement? Essay
  • 'Nazi Consolidation of Power in 1933 Was Primarily Due to the Use of Terror and Violence.' How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement? Essay
  • 'Nazi consolidation of power in 1933 was primarily due to the use of terror and violence.' How far do you agree with this statement? Essay
  • Essay about this is it
  • Essay about ‘the Weaknesses of the Left Opposition Were Responsible for Stalin’s Victory in the Soviet Union Leadership Battle by 1929’...
  • ‘Nazi Consolidation of Power in 1933 Was Primarily Due to the Use of Terror and Violence.’ How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement? Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Folge 12 | Read More.. | Gretta Van Fleet - Discography 2017-2018 ak320