Karl Marx

Topics: Communism, Sociology, Marxism Pages: 5 (1489 words) Published: December 4, 2012
Can the view contributed to the field and study of sociology by Karl Marx be considered complete, well rounded and focused? Completeness or having all the necessary parts and elements, that also has a refined view can seem unrealistic to many Sociologist. Karl Marx Studied at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin in 1835-1841. He immersed himself later with the matriculation of history and philosophy. Marx also joined with the Young Hegelians. The Hegelians and Marx sought self-awareness of human consciousness with seeing basic challenges and change in a larger society, also the philosophical mind. Philosophical reason is to criticize existence. What exists is limited, always incomplete and openly rationally, according to Karl Marx’s view. (“…… would natural science be without industry and commerce? Even this “pure” natural science is provided with an aim, as with its material, only through trade and industry, through the sensuous activity of men. –Karl Marx (The German Ideology; New York edition thirty-six). SCIENCE, SOCIOLOGY AND MARX

Sociology is the study of groups of people. Karl Marx was a theorist who largely contributed to the study of sociology by purposing the Conflict Theory . The Conflict Theory is one of the major sociological models for understanding the social world. The Conflict Theory is constructed of three components: The first component is that conflict is a common and ongoing issue in the social world. The second component is that society is built on the conflicting morals and interests of many different social groups. Finally, the third component states that all social conflict occurs between dominant and subordinate social groups who are completing against one another for something they feel is a worthy cause. Marx believed that tension and conflict are the two theories that motivated people and effected how they behave. The conflict theory assumes that institutions and interactions within society foster inequality and competition amongst the population (Vissing, 2011). Principal contribution of Marx and the understanding of the sciences was his emphasis on their character and society. Karl Marx admiration of the scientific advances and knowledge of the sciences in the early Renaissance left a keen impression towards his view of sociology. “Science is a cultural tradition, preserved and transmitted from generation to generation partly because it is valued in its own right, and partly because of its wide technological applications. Its most distinguishing characteristic is that the primary purpose of its cultivators, the scientists, is to change the tradition through discoveries. This bears some similarity to the purpose of modern artists and writers. But innovations in art and literature are accompanied by dissension and conflict, because there are no explicit criteria and accepted procedures to determine whether an innovation is an improvement or deterioration of existing tradition. ” -Joseph Ben-David & Teresa A. Sullivan {“Sociology of Science” Volume 1, 1975 Annual Review of Sociology 203-222. SOCIOLOGY AND COMMUNISM

Karl Marx was a German social theorist, founder of revolutionary communism, and in sociology of historical materialism (A Dictionary of Sociology | 1998 | GORDON MARSHALL). Many beliefs of communism are true and many truths about communist are not accurate. Though Karl Marx was the founder of revolutionary communism, he was not the founder of modern communism. Communism fundamentally, a system of social organization in which property (especially real property and the means of production) is held in common. Thus, the ejido system of the indigenous people of Mexico and the property-and-work system of the Inca were both communist, although the former was a matter of more or less independent communities cultivating their own lands in common and the latter a type of community organization within a highly organized empire. Modern usage for the term ‘Communism’ (written...

References: 1. (Communist Manifesto, Collected Works, VI, 487).
2. Joseph Ben-David & Teresa A. Sullivan {“Sociology of Science” Volume 1, 1975 Annual Review of Sociology 203-222.)
3. (The Gale Encyclopedia of Science | 2008)
4. (The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company)
5. ("Communist Party USA." West 's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.)
6. ( The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. | 2012)
7. A Dictionary of Sociology | 1998 | GORDON MARSHALL)
8. -Joseph Ben-David & Teresa A. Sullivan {“Sociology of Science” Volume 1, 1975 Annual Review of Sociology 203-222.
9. The German Ideology; New York edition thirty-six
10. Vissing Y. (2011). an introduction to sociology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Retrieved from http://content.ashford.edu/books/AUSOC101.11.1/sections/fm
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