Joseph McCarthy is one of the most argumentative political figures known today. McCarthy can be known as a hero for protecting the nations security or fighting for freedom but in the early 1950s, citizens of the United States were captivated by the fears of a Communist take over. Senator Joseph McCarthy, who was a republican from
Wisconsin, pressed Americas fears to its utmost extreme. As a gambit to get himself re-elected, the Senator contrived a malevolent scheme which caused him to be known as a notorious villain.
Joseph McCarthy was born on November 14, 1908 in Appleston
Wisconsin. He was raised on a farm by devoted Roman Catholic parents and was the fifth of nine children. McCarthy left school at age fourteen to work as a chicken farmer. Six years later he attended Marquette University after getting the qualifications. After getting his law degree in 1835, he joined a law firm in Shawano. McCarthy failed to run for Shawano District Attorney as a democrat in public office. Later in 1939, he defeated a judge who had served for 24 years and became the youngest elected circuit judge in Wisconsin. As a judge, McCarthy got the reputation of being fair and a hard worker but that soon changed after he was rebuked by Wisconsin supreme court for an
“abuse of judicial authority” after destroying court records. He also served in World War II and claimed he was injured in combat missions that were later proven false.
Joseph McCarthy was an original supporter of Franklin D.
Roosevelt but after failing to become the democratic party candidate for a district attorney, he switched to the republican party. After changing political sides he became a candidate as a court judge. McCarthy was known for fighting a dirty campaign and publish false campaign literature. He served in the marines between 1942 and 1945. While still in the marines he served unsuccessfully in the Democratic party as a U.S senate in 1944.
McCarthy won the Republican nomination after World War II
against Robert M. La Follete in 1946. During his campaign, he accused La Follete of profiting from the war while he was serving in the Marines and were not joining the military. La Follete was actually to old to fight and he purchased a small radio station gaining little profit. He was so disturbed by McCarthy that he later dropped out of politics and committed suicide.
The first day McCarthy was in office he called for a press
conference. The conference was about his proposal to end a coal miners strike. The strike was led by a miner named John L. Lewis. McCarthy wanted Lewis and the other coal miners to be drafted into the military and shot if they refused to mind coal. During his first years in Senate, McCarthy voted on conservative lines. He was against sugar rationing and fought against housing legislation. He became instantly famous for his ideas and thoughts he had in office. People began to come forward stating Joseph McCarthy lied
about his war record. He was also being investigated for taking bribes from the Pepsi-cola company and taking tax offenses. In May 1950, the thought of not being re-elected began to worry McCarthy. He held a meeting with some of his closes advisers and asked for advice how he could remain in office. A Roman Catholic priest named Edmund Walsh gave him the idea that he should begin a campaign against communist subversives who worked in the democratic administration.
McCarthy gave a speech at Wheeling, West Virginia on February 9, 1950. He took the priests advice and held up a piece of paper stating it had the names of known communists working for the state
department. He stated, “ While I cannot take the time to name all the men in the State Department who have been named as members of the communist party and members of a spy ring, I have here in my hand a list of two hundred five that were known to the Secretary of state as being members of the communist party and who are nevertheless who are still working and shaping...
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