johari window

Topics: Knowledge Pages: 15 (2089 words) Published: September 24, 2013
Johari Window
A model for self-awareness,
personal development, group
development and understanding

Adapted from, © Copyright alan chapman 2003

The Johari Window model
A simple and useful tool for
understanding and training selfawareness, personal development, improving communications,
interpersonal relationships, group
dynamics, team development and intergroup relationships
Developed by American psychologists
Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the
1950's, calling it 'Johari' after combining
their first names, Joe and Harry
Especially relevant due to emphasis on,
and influence of, 'soft' skills, behaviour,
empathy, cooperation, inter-group
development and interpersonal

The model
Also referred to as a 'disclosure/feedback
model of self awareness', and an
'information processing tool'
Represents information - feelings,
experience, views, attitudes, skills,
intentions, motivation, etc - within or about a
person - in relation to their team, from four
Can also be used to represent the same
information for a team in relation to other

Refers to 'self' and 'others‘

'Others' - other people in the team

‘Self' - oneself, i.e., the person
subject to the Johari Window

The four Johari Window
Called 'regions' or 'areas' or 'quadrants'.
Each contains and represents the
information - feelings, motivation, etc - in
terms of whether the information is known
or unknown by the person, and whether
the information is known or unknown by
others in the team
The four regions, areas, quadrants, or
perspectives are as follows, showing the
quadrant numbers and commonly used

Johari window four regions





Open area, open self, free area, free self, or 'the
arena‘: what is known by the person about
him/herself and is also known by others Blind area, blind self, or 'blindspot‘: what is unknown by the person about him/herself but
which others know
Hidden area, hidden self, avoided area,
avoided self or 'façade’: what the person knows
about him/herself that others do not know
Unknown area or unknown self: what is
unknown by the person about him/herself and is
also unknown by others

The Johari Window
Based on a four-square grid
Like a window with four 'panes

Standard representation



Unknown 3


The Johari Window 'panes'
Show each quadrant the same size
Can be changed in size to reflect the
relevant proportions of each type of
'knowledge' of/about a particular person in a
given team situation
In new teams the open free space for any
team member is small because shared
awareness is relatively small
As the team member becomes better
established and known, so the size of the
team member's open free area quadrant

Johari quadrant 1
‘Open self/area‘, 'free area‘, 'public area', 'arena‘ Also known as the 'area of free activity‘
Information about the person - behaviour, attitude, feelings, emotion, knowledge, experience, skills, views, etc - known
by the person ('the self') and known by the team ('others'). The aim in any team is to develop the 'open area' for every
person, because when we work in this area with others we
are at our most effective and productive, and the team is at its most productive too
The open free area, or 'the arena‘ - the space where good
communications and cooperation occur, free from
distractions, mistrust, confusion, conflict and

Team members
Established members tend to have larger open areas than new
team members
New members start with relatively small open areas because
relatively little knowledge about the new team member is
Other members can help a team member expand their open
area by offering feedback
The size of the open area can also be...
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