Ichabod Crane, an Evidence of Puritan Morality Immerse in the American Literature
Identity, a traditional theme of American Literature, renders evidence of the potent impact of Puritan morality after colonial times. In the year 1630, the Puritans came from England to establish a perfect community in the new land of the American continent. They brought with them iron like religious beliefs, which they wanted to keep pure, as a model, not like the flexible Church of England that was going through changes. They also came with a moral behavior code to be followed strictly by all new settlers, in the ironically new free land. The Puritans mission was to build a society and root its education upon the study of the Bible. More than one hundred years later, as manifested by Irving´s tale, one still finds those values alive in the common life experience of a rural Dutch town up Estate New York. This Puritan legacy is also present today; as evidence, descendants of the Puritans are able to trace their ancestry and their strict moral code to the fifteen to twenty thousand Puritans who migrated to New England more than 300 years ago.
The Puritans cultivated a religion based on the Bible, but their interpretation of God was as sinner sentinel god that penalizes his parishioners; therefore, it was absolutely convenient for the Puritan elite to instill in the settlers respect, approbation and obedience through the fear of the existence of evil. Lucifer was the main instrument to control the new growing society in the new land, and his most common manifestations on earth were witchcraft, bewitch creatures and ghostly apparitions. Actually, at the end of the tale, the main character disappears from one day to the other; people of the town justifies his absence simply by strongly believing that he was taken away by a phantom. This was a proper way used by Puritans to manipulate the settlers and eliminate rebels or adversaries. Irving’s tale has abundance of this Puritan...
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