Fascism and Communism

Topics: Totalitarianism, Dictatorship, Fascism Pages: 2 (592 words) Published: April 29, 2001
. Fascism and Communism are two different forms of government that were very similar. Fascism is a 20th century form of nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian dictatorship that seeks to create a feasible society through strict regimentation of national and individual lives. Communism is type of government in which there is no private property and the government controls the entire economy. Communism tries to satisfy the basic needs of society by sharing work and benefits. Both theories were dictatorships that at first were loved by the people and soon later hated by them.

In October of 1922 Mussolini was named the premier. He used his militia to purge local governments of any opposition to Fascism. Under the worsening conditions when Italy was about to collapse, the Fascists party appealed to the frustrations of soldiers and the middle class. The Fascists offered a return to traditional values, promising to bring Italy back to a position of glory again. Most importantly, the Fascist's offered to do something about the deteriorating conditions. On October 24, 1917, Bolshevik forces and their allies began seizing essential centers of power. By the next morning, the Bolsheviks informed the still- assembled congress of soviets that they had taken power in the name of the Russian worker and peasant and had established a temporary government. The events of October introduced a single Communist government in Russia for the first time. Non- Bolshevik newspapers were all shut down by the summer of 1918. All Russian industries were nationalized under the Bolshevik government. After making many promises to the peasants and delivering some, Lenin and the Bolsheviks came to the seat of power after the Civil War.

Both The Fascists and the Communists targeted countries in which conditions were poor. Both groups targeted the peasants and middle class for support. The fascist and communist movements also represented attempts to create revolutionary new modern states....
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