Famine, Affluence, and Morality

Topics: Ethics, Morality, Poverty Pages: 3 (771 words) Published: July 20, 2013
Famine, Affluence, and Morality

PHI 208

Famine, Affluence, and Morality
In the article, Peter Singer’s purpose is to draw attention and bring apprehension to the fashion the world’s people are being tormented directly to natural disasters and poverty. He also analyzes the amount of people struggling to survive in account to living under the poverty line, a few on a single dollar a day. Singer constructs the point that we need to be doing a greater job at helping those not in the status of being able to help themselves. By using Bengal as an example of how the countries that are rich respond to a disaster, Singer is capable of proving his point (Singer, 1972). Singer concentrates on the issues of why people refuse to donate. He believes that some folks have the assumption that the government has the responsibility of providing aid to those who are in need. Later he states that it is a collective effort between us, the citizens and the government to rescue the ones who are suffering. We reside in an egocentric society that has a belief in which we should not worry about others and take care of self. Reliance on aid is one of the reasons why people do not donate, because they believe the society in need will become dependent on that service (Singer, 1972). In the article Singer also altercates that people are morally bound to anticipate at least part of suffering by personally obtaining action. Singer states that it is in our own power to anticipate bad things and we are able to prevent this outside of sacrificing that of equal moral importance. If the resources to do so exist, we the people should help the needy who are suffering in the world. Singer makes an accurate point by stating that we are morally obligated to help, since help would relieve suffering (Singer, 1972). Singer proposes two standards in his article. The first assert that “If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of...

References: Dictionary. (2012, August). www.dictionary.reference.com/. Retrieved May 2013, from http://dictionary.reference.com/
Outline of PETER SINGER: “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”. (2009, August). www.web.mnstate.edu. Retrieved May 2013, from http://web.mnstate.edu/gracyk/courses/phil%20115/singer-famine-affluence.htm
Singer, P. (1972, January). Famine, affluence, and morality. www.givingwhatwecan.org. Retrieved May 2013, from http://www.givingwhatwecan.org/resources/famine- affluence-morality.php
Utilitarianism. (2007, May). http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org. Retrieved May 2013, from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Utilitarianism
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