March 3rd Monday
Explain the struggle between Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek to lead a new Chinese state in the 1920s
In the 1920s, Mao Zedong was an organizer of Communist Party, and Chiang Kai-shek was the second leader of the Nationalists. The Nationalist and Communist Parties had struggled for a long time to seize the central power to lead a new China. They tried to work together and formed an alliance to drive the imperialists and colonialism out of China. However, the inner conflicts between the two parties remained there and became more and more serious.
In 1921, the Chinese Communist Party(CCP) formed in Shanghai. Sun Yat-sen, the leader of the Party, welcomed to form an alliance(The Nationalist-Communist Alliance)with Communist Party to drive imperialist powers out of China. For over three years(1924.Jan—1927.July), the two parties worked together. They formed a revolutionary army to march north and seize control over China which began in the summer of 1926. The revolutionary forces had taken control of all of China south of the Chang Jiang, including the major river ports of Wuhan and Shanghai. After Sun Yat-sen's death, Chiang Kai-shek became the leader. However, he plotted Shanghai Massacre and struck against Communists in Shanghai, killing thousands. The Nationalist-Communist alliance ceased to exist. After that, Chiang founded a new Chinese republic at Nanjing. Although Chiang saw Japan as a serious threat, he believed the Communists were more dangerous. He once remarked “the Communists are a disease of the heart.”
After the Shanghai Massacre, most of the Communist leaders hid in the city and tried to revive the Communist movement among the working class. Others fled to the mountainous Jiangxi Province and were led by the young Communist organizer—Mao Zedong. Mao believed that a Chinese revolution would be driven by the poverty-stricken peasants in the countryside rather than by the urban...
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