Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. George Orwell re-uses many of his themes in order to get his point across. In "Why I Write", Orwell states that one of the reasons he writes is for political purpose. He expresses this theme in his essays, "An Episode of Bed-wetting" and "St. Cyprian's", as well as his novels, "1984" and "Animal Farm".
In "An Episode of Bed-wetting" and "St. Cyprian's", Orwell expresses how he feels about the politics in the school, St. Cyprian's. While attending St. Cyprian's Orwell and many of the other boys who were not rich, were treated unfairly. Sambo, the headmaster, and Flip, his wife, always seemed to look down upon the boys who were not rich and did not have titles. Orwell even tells the reader, "The rich boys had milk and biscuits in the middle of the morning, they were given riding lessons once a week, Flip mothered then and called them by their Christian names, and above all they were never canned" (Atwan 166). In "An Episode of Bed-wetting", Orwell mentions "the Sixth Form". It was a group at school made up of older boys "who were selected as having 'character' and were empowered to beat smaller boys" (Atwan 16). It was made clear by Orwell that this tradition was a bit strange. But after his second beating he claimed, "the second beating seemed to me a just and reasonable punishment" (Atwan 18). Orwell is trying to make the reader understand that the administration at St. Cyprian's has corrupted the boys by making them think that the Sixth Form is an appropriate way of handling matters.
Orwell states in "Why I Write", that he is "against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism" (Atwan 418). George Orwell published "1984" in 1949, the same year that the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. The arms race that followed the Soviets' development of nuclear weaponry quickly escalated into the Cold War, which raged for the next four decades as the enormous ideological gulf...
Cited: Atwan, Robert. Ten on Ten. Bedford Books of St. Martin 's Press: Boston, 1992
Orwell, George. 1984. Harcourt Brace Javanovich, Inc.: London, 1949
Orwell, George. Animal Farm: A Fairy Story. Harcourt Brace & Company: London, 1946
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