Bangladesh: A Land of Climate Change, Migration and Vulnerability M. Mizanur Rahman
Climate change is nothing to be seen in the open eye rather it is an issue of observation and understanding. With some macroeconomic analysis, it has been shown a number of times that climatic change will have the impact on both the level and growth of the Gross Domestic Production (GDP) especially in the poor countries. But the micro-economic analysis of individuals gives birth to a more serious scenario when we come to see the changing nature, rainfall, temperature, agriculture and so on as well as their impact on individuals. Recently the World Bank has published a report where it has shown why a 4°C temperature needs to be avoided. Climate change is more frequently meant by the increasing level of temperature and we see a number of analysis in this area to see how this increased temperature will affect the globe. During the last year, extreme events have been observed across the globe and those have had tremendous impact especially on the poor and marginalized people. Although below average temperatures were recorded in Alaska, and northern and eastern Australia, high temperatures occurred over North America, southern Europe, most of Asia, and parts of northern Africa(World Bank, 2013). The World Bank has categorically shown how this high temperature has affected the people in these regions when Bangladesh is not an exception. This scenario is quite alarming for the country where still life and livelihood of many people depend on agriculture which is the most affected sector due to climate change. Agriculture is highly sensitive to climate, both in terms of longer-term trends in the average conditions of rainfall and temperature, which determine the global distribution of food crops, but also in terms of inter-annual variability and the occurrence of droughts, floods, heat waves, frosts and other extreme events (IPCC, 2012). One of the expected results of climate change...
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