Ethics & Behavior in Multicultural Environments
Sessions 1 & 2
Sessions 1 & 2 : Beverly LELIGOIS
To differentiate and understand the following
The standards of good and evil
individual’s behavior. Most often, they
have been passed down from generation
An individually developed and adopted
code of conduct that groups together all
of our moral values.
So, what about
the word « ethics » comes from the greek
word « ethos » meaning =
« habitual or customary conduct »
« image »
« moral character »
Greek Philosopher Aristotle was the first to use the term.
The word is confusing because it
CONCERNS 2 very different things:
1° A branch of moral philosophy
2° A set of guidelines
There are different kinds
of Ethics (only a few):
NORMATIVE ETHICS :
(a branch of philosophy)
deals with: what declares an action as “right” or “wrong”. Think of this as: “What is a “normal” action in the society that I live in?” OR :
Normative Ethics :
questions (or studies) morality using ETHICAL THEORIES.
The main objective is to determine what kind of behavior
will bring about the best outcome. It is a kind of decisionmaking process. It is particularly useful when 2 moral values contradict each other and there seems to be no
right answer (example: white lies).
Help when a situation is complicated:
Ethics as a set of rules :
This is like a set of guidelines that define acceptable
behavior in a particular society. So what is the difference
between this and a code of morality?
Ethics vs. Morality
Abortion is legal in France. Therefore, it is medically
ethical. On the other hand, some people in France
consider that abortion is immoral.
Spain has just changed its law to make abortion illegal.
So, now it is medically unethical according to Spanish
Standards and law.
Ethics = LEGAL, but not always…
“legal” BUT unethical
examines issues like concepts of etiquette (rules of
conduct for any occasion, especially business behavior
for this course) and aesthetics (the branch of philosophy
dealing with taste and the study of beauty in nature and
relates to personal interactions and responsibilities.
We will be practicing this in our activities!
The goal is to discover, “How should I act?” (by
dialoguing with others who are different from you in
order to reach common agreements).
The critical, structured examination of how people
and organizations should behave in the world of
commerce. In particular, it involves examining
appropriate constraints in the pursuit of selfinterest profits when the actions of individuals or organizations affect others.
It should be:
“Making the best decision
even when nobody is looking
…just because you want to.”
It all boils down to one thing :
(to make money)…
The 6 pillars of ethical character
(Josephson Institute of Ethics)
To put it simply:
CSR is about how companies manage business
processes to produce an overall positive impact on
What is culture anyway?
One approach to
The danger of culture =
The belief in the superiority of the nation, culture, or
group to which one belongs, often accompanied by
feelings of dislike for other groups.
How will you be evaluated in this class ?
1° 30% OF THE GRADE:
Continuous Assessment Activities (in class)=
Bibliography: Sources: Parhizgar Kamal Dean, Parhizgar Robert,. 2008. Multicultural Business Ethics And Global Managerial Moral Reasoning. Lanham,
Maryland: University of America Press, Inc.
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