Narvaez & Lapsley (2009) says moral development begins at infancy and progresses into adulthood, during which time we ascertain the values, beliefs and thinking patterns that guide us to be responsible in social behavior. Moral development promotes positive qualities in character, personality and behavior in children. They explained having the ability to identify differences between right and wrong is a principle of moral development (Narvaez & Lapsley, 2009). American psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, is prominently known for his theory on the stages of moral development. Kohlberg illustrated people learn moral values through means of thinking and reasoning (Narvaez & Lapsley, 2009). Kohlberg’s model is cognitive in nature, focusing on the process of thinking that occurs when one decides whether a behavior is right or wrong. With the escalation of social issues plaguing our school systems, such as the violence and use and dependency of drugs among our youth, moral development is presently being treated as a significant issue in the field of psychology. Turiel & Killen (2010) claim children emotions forms a basis of morality as it emerges throughout development, and reflect positive dimensions of morality, such as empathy and respect for persons. They cited children do not develop in solitude; their interactions with family, school and society play a vital role in their moral development (Turiel & Killen, 2010). Children spend a vast amount of time in school; the environment and the school culture have a significant impact on students' moral development. Gasser & Malti (2012) noted that friends' moral characteristics such as their moral reasoning represent an important social contextual factor for children's behavioral socialization. Researchers studied children’s moral development in relation to their cultural differences. Magnarella (2004) noted Chinese children make moral decisions based on their cultural filters of cooperation, reflection, apology and...
References: Gasser, L. , & Malti, T. (2012). Childrenʼs and their friends ' moral reasoning: Relations with aggressive behavior. International Journal of Behavioral Development.
Han, Y. , & Altman, Y. (2010). Confucian moral roots of citizenship behaviour in China. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration.
Magnarella, P. J.(2004), 'Communist Chinese and "Asian Values" Critiques of Universal Human Rights ', Journal of Third World Studies, Fall 2004, 21(2),179-192.
Narvaez, D. , & Lapsley, D. K. . (2009). Moral identity, moral functioning, and the development of moral character. Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 50, 237-274.
Turiel, E. , & Killen, M. (2010). Taking emotions seriously: The role of emotions in moral development. Emotions aggression and morality in children Bridging development and psychopathology (33-52).
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