Decision making

Topics: Decision making, Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment Pages: 12 (4132 words) Published: February 17, 2014
In our assignment, we will discuss leadership, group and individual decision making and we will also use case material/experiments to support these areas. We decided to focus in on two leadership’s styles, autocratic focusing on Steve Jobs and democratic focusing on Carlos Ghosn, we will make reference to individual and group decisions that are influenced by each type of leadership. In our report we will examine variables including culture, emotion, values and ethics in the individual decision process, we will examine other variables including conformity, group think, culture, and emotions in relation to the group decision process. We used three experiments, Stanford, Asch and Milgram to illustrate other variables that contributes to individual and group decision making.

Autocratic leadership V democratic leadership
Autocratic leaders create a strict division between superiors and those who are expected to follow them. Also this type of leader retains power and decision making authority. The leadership style of Steve Jobs

Many people may view autocratic leadership as an ineffective method as it may lead to dissatisfaction within the workplace. Though if autocratic leadership is carried out well, it can lead to increase in productivity, performance and efficiency and increase commitment. Weir, S (2012) outlines how the late Steve Jobs the co-founder of Apple was able to use autocratic leadership which lead to the success of Apple. His style brought the company results even when it faced bankruptcy in 1997, he managed to control the situation. Steve Jobs understood how to get the best from people, his autocratic style worked for Apple as a leader in the PC market and communications. Ultimately Steve jobs made the final decisions to which products Apple would make though he did involve colleagues to generate their ideas. Weir (2012) outlines how Steve Jobs would use a whiteboards and look for suggestions from his colleagues on ideas to where the company should go next, eventually Jobs will eliminated these ideas down until three ideas remained on the board. In the end Jobs would then select which he felt himself had the greater chance of success. If considering if autocratic leadership is right for a company examine the significance this style had on Apple, and how the late leader Steve Jobs transformed how we all carry out our business and personal communications Democratic

Democratic leaders believe in problem shared is problem solved with their employees. They also encourage employees to be part of the decision making.

The leadership style of Carlos Ghosn
Carlo Ghosn ceo of Nissan, shows democratic leadership when he turnaround their company’s style of leadership from autocratic to democratic. He encourages employees to change from the Japanese culture, and move into an environment where they share ideas and each employee is involved in decision making process. Carlo shows democratic leadership when he encourages every employee using the bottom up approach to stimulate creative innovation. Group decision

Ref ( year )Group decision making (also known as collaborative decision making) is a situation faced when individuals collectively make a choice from the alternatives before them. This decision is no longer attributable to any single individual who is a member of the group. This is because all the individuals and social group processes such as social influence contribute to the outcome. The decisions made by groups are often different from those made by individuals. Group polarization is one clear example: groups tend to make decisions that are more extreme than those of its individual members, in the direction of the individual inclinations.

Other factors which contribute to group behaviour Ref (year) 1. Conformity
Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behaviour in order to fit in with a group. This change...

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