Political Science Midterm 2
1. The structure of the contemporary international system involves many different factors that influence how the world operates today. The international system is defined as the study of the interactions among the various actors that participate in international politics, including states, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, sub-national entities, and individuals. The study of international relations aims to evaluate how countries interact within the political and social international system. Neo-realists believes that since the world is an anarchy, war is unpreventable and is going to be around forever. They favor a bipolar world, because it is easier to balance and appease the other side. This will lead to less war, but that doesn’t mean war will be permanently stopped. Further, they believe that states are self interested only. If a state intervenes in affairs of another country, then they are not doing it out of the goodness of their own heart. They have a personal interest, whether it is visible or not. The implications of neo-realism are usually non-intervention, meaning states don’t help out other countries. Instead, they provide a military for defense purposes only. On other hand, neo-liberalists believe that war is preventable. They believe that it is possible for states to co-operate, and we do have a duty to come to the aid of other countries. The neo-liberal approach believes in intervention. A crucial belief for neo-liberal philosophy is “complex interdependence.” Meaning, since states are all so connected, it makes more sense to co-operate than to wage war. Neo-liberalism most accurately describes the contemporary international system because intervention is common in the world. In the era of globalization, realism doesn’t work that well because countries need to intervene in order to solve international problems.
2. Neo-liberalism and neo-realism are...
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