Components of Second Language Knowledge
Components of second languague knowlege are divided into three: vocabulary, morphology and phonoly. It is necessary deepen in these elements becase sometimes even the most highly educated adult native speakers do not have all the knowledge about language, and expect L2 learners have it would be unrealistic. Vocabulary is the most important level of L2 knowledge for learners to develop. We must remember that vocabulary is the key to communication. Yhe moment when it is more difficult to communicate is when you do not know the proper vocabulary. There are many words that are used frequently, and each learner needs to know, but despite that, the L2 learner's vocabulary depends primarily on whether it will focus on academic or interpersonal funcions. L2 lerning at the level of morphology can be very important for vocabulary development as well as for achieving grammatical accuracy. This level is highly significant for learning English, for example, they realized that thousands of words are formed by compounding smaller words, or by adding prefixes and suffixes that can create new meaning or change part of speech. The proficiency in Phonologu is required. Intelligible pronunciation are essential for successful spoken communication, but a significant degree of foreign accent is acceptable in most situations ad long as it is within the bounds of intelligibly. Native or near-native pronunciation is usually needed only when learners want to identify socially with the L2 language community for affective purposes, or when their communicative goals require such identification for hearers. We can see that these elements are necessary for a better fluency in the second language, and L2 learners can acquire them unconsciously.
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