Comparitive essay on contrasting leadership policies instituted by Mobutu and Nyerere from 1960-1980.

Topics: Capitalism, Economic system, Communism Pages: 4 (1471 words) Published: March 10, 2014
The number of similarities between Mobutu’s rule in Zaire and Nyerere’s rule in Tanzania in fact are outweighed by the large extent of the differences between the economic and political implications made by the respective leaders. During the period between 1960 and 1980 policies put in place by the leaders of Tanzania and Zaire greatly differed, each country having its own rate of successes and failures in governing its people. IN terms of an economical comparison between the two countries considered there are far more differences between both how and what policies and models were followed than there are similarities. The only similarities between them are that both, after independence, having been both colonised by European powers, Tanzania by Germany and the Congo by Belgium, contained mainly an agricultural and mining economy with very little industrialization. Both countries contained a majority of impoverished farmers and miners whose countries main export was primary resources. Both also experienced economic threat when the price of resources dropped worldwide in the 70s and the price of oil skyrocketed during the 70s, as the Congo, then named Zaire, and Tanzania had no oil reserves. This caused each country to rely on foreign aid in the later 80s. Besides these few similarities the economic policies and models followed and instituted by the bordering countries were wildly different. One major difference in the economy in the countries is they decided to follow different models/methods of running the economy. In Zaire, after having implemented a failed attempt at nationalisation of foreign companies and mines, known as Zairinisation, Mobutu changed to a capitalist economy model. He promoted entrepreneurship and growing of businesses which he believed would increase the overall wealth of the country and move from a farming prominent country to one containing a growing industry. Tanzania and its leader Nyerere chose to follow a completely different...
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