Communism vs. Capitalism

Topics: Communism, Marxism, Soviet Union Pages: 7 (1934 words) Published: March 30, 2013
“From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.”

There is no greater economic system that can rival the Utopian nature of Communism, yet this statement sent shivers down the spine of the Capitalist World. The concept was flawless however the implementation resulted in one of one of the most infamous Political systems in the world.

Communism, in layman’s terms, is a revolutionary political system , aiming to create a classless, moneyless and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production. It also aimed to change the social and economic ideology of capitalism , which was thrived on the principle of the rich getting richer, the poor , poorer.

To understand why Communism spread so rapidly we must learn about the origins of communism. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels were the founding fathers of communism in 1848. Marx wrote a document called the Communist manifesto. In this document he outlined which areas would need to change. There were 3 main changes:

political change, a economic change and
social change.

Unfortunately these are very difficult to change. Marx, however, found a way to accomplish this. A revolution. The Red Revolution!!! These were usually very bloody, as people would not easily part with their material wealth. Communism had to be implemented fully,people could not choose only one part of it. You are either in or killed. In the Russian Revolution alone 9 million people were killed. However, this must take place in order to overthrow the existing government. Marx emphasized the need for total destruction of the existing system in order for change to take place.

The next part of their plan stated that a dictator must gain absolute control over the working class. During this phase, the new government has absolute control over the common citizen's personal choices for example education, religion, employment and even marriage. Redistribution of wealth would take place in this period.

The final phase has never been attained because it requires that all non-communists be eliminated in order for the Communist Party to achieve supreme equality. In a communist utopia, everyone would happily share wealth. The government would control all means of production so that the one-class system would remain constant, with no possibility of any citizens rising to the top.

Marx also detailed the 10 essential principles of communism, namely: •Central banking system
Government controlled education
Government controlled labor
Government ownership of transportation and communication vehicles •Government ownership of agricultural means and factories •Total destruction of private property
Property rights confiscation
Heavy income tax on everyone
Destruction of rights of inheritance
Regional Planning In the communist society that the manifesto described, the government has supreme authority as it controls all land and means of production. Because the government distributes land and property among the people, communism sets a standard of equality - both economically and socially -- among its followers. ­The system seems to work in theory, but Marx and Engels died before it was put into practice and did not see the fruit of their labour. Economy

Capitalism, the current economic system in South Africa, is, according to communism, tremendously wasteful and destructive of men, goods, power, land. All useful goods are used until there is none left. But goods aren’t made for consumption, but for profit, and if a greater profit can be made, the destruction takes place. As capitalism developed, larger factories are built, thousands of laborers are used to make 1 product, yet it does not belong to them but to the owner of the Factory. The laborers are merely paid wages, which constantly grow less and...
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