October 30, 2014
Honors World History
World Revolutions Project
During the Chinese Revolution, the army of Mao Zedong, known as The Red Army, helped prolong the existence of the Communist Part in China. The Red Army was formed when the followers of Zedong were led into the mountains. It started as only a group of about 1000 men, but eventually turned into an army of 12,000 because many peasants joined. The peasants joined the army because it gave them a sense of stability. They knew that Mao was a strong leader that fought for his people and that he ordered his army to not hurt the peasants, which was greatly appreciated. The Guomindang, who roamed around China freely, had attacked this group of peasants. The Red Army helped the peasants fight them off, which is why so many of them ended of joining the Communist Party. The goal of The Red Army was to help the peasants of Hunan. Since this help from the army was free, many of the peasants converted to supporting Mao Zedong and the Communist Party. The Long March was a 6,000 mile-long journey by the Communist Party of China. This march saved Mao Zedong and the Communist Party from the brutal attacks by the Guomindang. In 1933, Jiang gathered an army of 700,000 men to surround the Communists’ mountain. The Communist part was clearly outnumbered so they decided to leave without a fight. The Red Army had to fight against many natural and physical forces to survive each day of the journey. Mao’s army climbed many mountains and crossed many rivers during this time. When they crossed swamplands, they had to sleep sitting up so that they wouldn't drown in the mud. In the beginning of the march, the army consisted of 100,000 people, but by the end only about 10,000-30,000 reached safety in northwestern China. These survivors had marched over 9,000 kilometers during the course of 368 days. The Long March is considered by some one of the greatest achievements of the Twentieth Century. The Communist...
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