The brief analysis of Chinese history from 1949 to 2009
China, one of the most rapidly developing countries in the past half-century on the earth, leaves a complicated question to the rest of the world. “Who saved China?” There are hundreds of thousands explanations for this simple question, but none of them are totally correct. The historians of China divide four stages from the reform of People Republic of China to present, which mean China, had experienced four important revolutions from 1949 to 2009. These revolutions made China became one of the most rapidly growth countries in the world. The beginning chapter will discuss the importance of socialism system to China in 1949. A simple definition of socialism is “For the socialism, actually it is the universal happilism.” This is a very useful definition for us to understand why socialism was important to China in 1949. Before 1949, China experienced the revolution from feudality system to democracy system. There were two new political parties in that time, the Kuomintang of China and the Communist Party of China. The Kuomintang of China was built by Sun Yat-sen, who believed in democracy, and the Communist Party of China was created by the group of politicians (followed by Mao Zedong), who believed in socialism. The Kuomintang of China seemed to run democratic policy in the surface, but the inside of the system was full of corruption, unfairness and putridity. The people in China were suffering from the exploiting of the upper class. At that time, the Communist Party of China came out and blazon forth the new believe in socialism. Of course, the Communist Party of China was struck by the Kuomintang. The war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party last for years and end with the victory of the Communist Party. The reason of the Kuomintang lost the war was because they forget to add an important figure into their estimation of military power. There were over 200 millions people who suffered under the class exploiting of Kuomintang. Over 50% of Chinese totally population were willing to fight with the current government, thus outcome of the war wouldn’t surprise us. The Communist party gathered most of the suffered people together and built the new country with the basic principle ’universal happilism’. On the other hand, there was an economics reason of why only socialism can save China in 1949. After the victory of Neo-democracy revolution, there were only three ways to China’s economy. The first way was limited the socialism state-operated economy and developed the capitalism market. The second way was operating a parallel development, that means developed both socialism and capitalism. The last way was limited the capitalism market and run socialism market. The history of China had proved that the first way was totally failed since 1911. The second way was totally a bubble that was created by some idealism. These two isms couldn’t co-exist in any universe. So, only the third way was suitable for China in 1949. The proletariat had already established the power in both politics and economy. The victory of the civil war provided a certain outcome that was ---“In 1949 only socialism can save China.” After 1949, China step into a steady growth stage in both economy performance and average living standard. But it didn’t last for a long period. Things changed in 1979, after the culture revolution, Chinese economy experienced a very terrible period. The government deficit was extremely high; the technology and industrial factors were far behind the world average level. Although the total GDP arrived 362.4billions(CNY), which was two times than the total GDP in 1965(171.6billions), people were still suffering from the low technology. The government realized that agriculture factors couldn’t be the lifetime industry for China. A great leader, Deng Xiaoping, thought Chinese economy should take a big reform. In 1979, the government decided to abandon...
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[ 3 ]. The policies are summarized from the speech, which made by President Hu on Dec 18th, 2008. The information is from XinHua. < http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2008-12/18/content_10524481.htm>
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