Mr. Meyer B6
AP World History
January 15, 2015
Communism in China from 1925 to 1950 was a very interesting period in China, especially in terms of relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and Chinese peasants. Communism in China survived through the Japanese invasion and control of China during the Second World War. Based on evidence provided in the documents, the Chinese Communists and peasants both disliked and fought against landlords, the communists supported peasants in their fight against the Japanese, and made the lives of peasants over all better. One obvious relationship and similarity between peasants and communists is their hatred toward landlords. Direct evidence including instructions to local party officials (Doc 5) and a photo from Xinhua news agency (Doc 9) show the communists obvious bias to the peasants. The communists even created laws to overthrow the landlords, like the Agrarian Reform Law (Doc 8). The peasant’s hatred was so strong, in fact, that they violently threatened the landlords to get back all grievances (Doc 6). The communists were also confident and excited with the peasant movement that would overthrow landlords (Doc 1). The communists organized struggle meetings shown in a photo where peasants humiliated former landlords (Doc 9). This photo, however, was shown only because it was allowed by the Chinese government, which at the time was communist.
The Communist Party in China also assisted the peasants greatly in the war against the Japanese. They provided constant support to the peasants during the fighting and organized local “guerrilla units” (or independent fighting groups) to fight back against the Japanese (Doc 3). They constantly fueled the peasants fighting by giving reports on the Japanese military actions in Northern China (Doc 4). However, this document was written by the Communist Party and they ...
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