CBIS

Topics: Information systems, Decision theory, Artificial intelligence Pages: 8 (467 words) Published: April 14, 2014
Computer-Based Information
Systems (CBIS)
Components

• Hardware
Computer equipment used to perform input,
processing, and output activities

• Software
Computer programs that govern the
operation of the computer

1

• Database
Organized collection of facts and
information

1

Computer-Based Information
Systems (CBIS)
Components

• Telecommunications

1

Electronic transmission of signals for
communications, and enables
organizations to link computer systems
into effective networks
Networks
Used to connect computers and
computer equipment
2

Computer-Based Information
Systems (CBIS)
Components

• Internet
The world’s largest telecommunications
network

• Intranet
A network that uses Internet technology
within an organization

1
3

Computer-Based Information
Systems (CBIS)
Components

• People
The most important elements in most
CBIS

• Procedures
Strategies, policies, methods, and rules
for using CBIS

1
4

Computer-Based Information
Systems (CBIS) (Figure 1.8)

1
5

Business Information Systems
• Transaction
Any business related exchange.

• Transaction processing system

1

An organized collection of people,
procedures, software, databases, and
devices used to record completed
business transactions.
6

Transaction Processing
System (Figure 1.9)

1
7

E-Commerce
• E-Commerce
Any business transaction executed
electronically between parties involving
the exchange of goods and/or services
for an equitable consideration.

1
8

E-Commerce
(Figure 1.10)

1
9

Management Information
System
• Management Information System
Organized set of people, procedures,
databases, and devices used to provide
routine information to managers and
decision makers.

1
10

Management Information
System (Figure 1.11)

1
11

Decision Support Systems
• Decision Support Systems
A set of people, procedures, databases,
and devices used to support problemspecific decision making.

1
12

Decision Support Systems
(Figure 1.12)

1
13

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and
Expert Systems
• Artificial Intelligence (AI)
A field that involves computer systems
taking on the characteristics of human
intelligence

• Expert Systems (ES)

1

Give the computer the ability to make
suggestions and act like an expert in a
particular field
14

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
(Figure 1.13)

1
15

Systems Development
• Systems Development
The activity of creating or modifying
existing business systems.
Investigation
Analysis
Design

1

Implementation
Review
16

Systems Development
• Systems Investigation
Gains a clear understanding of the
problem to be solved or opportunity to
be addressed.

• Systems Analysis

1

Defines the problems and opportunities
of the existing system.
17

Systems Development
• Systems Design
Determines how the new system will work to
meet the business needs defined during
systems analysis.

• Systems Implementation

1

Creating or acquiring the various system
components defined in the design step,
assembling them, and putting the new system
into operation.
18

Systems Development
• System Maintenance and Review
Checks and modifies the system so that
it continues to meet changing business
needs.

1
19

Literacy
• Computer Literacy
A knowledge of computer systems and
equipment and the ways they function.

• Information Systems Literacy

1

A knowledge of how data and
information are used by individuals,
groups, and organizations.
20

Information Systems in the
Functional Areas of Business
Functional Areas and Information Systems

1

Financial information systems
Accounting information systems
Marketing information systems
Manufacturing information systems
Human resources management information
systems
Legal information systems
21

Information Systems in
Industry
Airline industry

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