Bhagat Singh: Political thoughts of a Revolutionary
Inquilab Zindabad! When these words fell on the ears of pre-independence Indians , a tingle went down their spine , their blood boiled and were ready to lay down their lives for the freedom of their land . Bhagat Singh was the maestro of this orchestra of Indians ready to play to his tune of “Complete Freedom” . History has very rightly so given him the status of “legend” , an honour bestowed upon very few . Born in Lyallpur district, Punjab , Shaheed Bhagat Singh at a very early age got involved in the Indian Independence movement . A lifelong critic of Gandhian philosophy, he found his soul in the works of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin and adhered to the ideals of Communism till the very end . He was finally executed by the British empire in the Lahore Conspiracy case at a very early age of 23 ,thus immortalising his name and stamping it on the hearts of millions of people of India . Although there are very few documents available which can depict his political views in great detail , he had a clear inclination towards the idea of Communism .He became inspired by the Russian revolution and the ideals of Marx and Lenin (more inclination towards Lenin , he quotes Lenin more often in his documents) [To Young Political Workers, http://www.shahidbhagatsingh.org/index.asp?link=political_workers, 14/3/2014] however he refused to join the Communist Party of India at that time . What was the reason behind this ? To examine it we need to dive into the depth of Communism .In the theory propounded by Karl Marx there are two classes of people in a Society , Bourgeoisie and Proletariats. Bourgeoisie were the wealthy middle class people and capitalists who owned private properties whereas Proletariats were those who had to sell their labour to earn money .In Marx’s words ,Proletariats had nothing to lose [The Communist Manifesto, http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/ch01.htm#007 , 14/3/2014]. The Communist Party of India like the Communist Parties world over at that time was being influenced by the Stalinist Comintern and they viewed bourgeoisie as an ally to them . Now, the situation in India was different . India was ruled by the British Empire ,and Bourgeoisie and Proletariats likewise needed independence from them . Since CPI ,as said earlier, was influenced by the Stalinist views of Comintern , they too considered bourgeoisie as their natural ally and instead of trying to influence the real oppressed mass of India , the peasants , the farmers, they instead focused on fighting for Indian Independence with the middle class by their side . This is where his ideas contradicted with the mainline Communist Party . According to Bhagat Singh , there was no difference between the British Capitalists and and the Indian Bourgeoisie . He said even if India gains independence from the British , under the new ruling class of Indian bourgeoisie the situation of the proletariat peasants and farmers will be the same as pre-independence era .[To Young Political Workers, http://www.shahidbhagatsingh.org/index.asp?link=political_workers ] Bhagat Singh held the view that these people have a twofold revolution to fight , one against the Colonialist and the other against the Bourgeoisie and he had no desire to do so by first siding with bourgeoisie and then against them . Bhagat Singh was very critical of the policies of Congress and Gandhi in particular . There were many events on which Bhagat Singh came came out with his radical and revolutionary ideas as opposed to those of Gandhi . For example , after his experience with factory workers in Ahmedabad, Gandhi stated, “We must not tamper with the labourers. It is dangerous to make political use of the factory proletariat”[The Times,May 1921] . In response was Bhagat Singh’s iconic “The sleeping lion once awakened from its slumber shall become irresistible even after the achievement of what our leaders aim at ”[...
References: 1.To Young Political Workers, Bhagat Singh, February2nd, 1931, www.marxists.org .
Please join StudyMode to read the full document