Aviation and The Environment

Topics: Alternative fuel, Climate change, Petroleum Pages: 8 (3063 words) Published: March 20, 2014

Aviation and The Environment

Summary
This report includes aspects involving both aviation and the environment and what the links there are between them. The main topics within this report are Co2 emissions, sustainable fuels, noise pollution and poor air quality as these are the aspects that affect the environment most. The purpose of this report is to make the reader aware of the effects that aviation has on the environment and what procedures and legislation is in place to try and combat the effects. Research was gathered in the report using personal knowledge, relevant articles/books and the use of official statistics. The report concludes that although procedures on in place to minimise the effects and damage more needs to be done to cope with the rising high demand of air travel.

Contents Page(s) Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………………1 How Aviation affects Climate Change……………………………………………………………..1 How to combat climate change with sustainable fuels………………………….…1,2&3 Aviation and Noise Pollution………………………………………………………………..…………3 Aviation and its effect on Air Quality………………………………………………………………4 Long term effects of Aviation and the Environment……………………………………….4 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………………...6 Appendix………………………………………………………………………………………………..………7

Aviation and The Environment
In this report I am going to discuss the relation between aviation and what the impacts are on the environment. Aviation and the environment are very closely linked as almost everything in the day-to-day running of the aviation industry has an effect on the environment from the aircrafts themselves, waste from the airport and airport traffic. How Aviation affects Climate Change

Aviation is a fact growing industry with over 200 people passing through UK mainland airports each year and 41,821 airports around the World transporting over 2.2billion people per year. As these are quite substantial figures all of this movement has an impact on the environment. The main impact on the environment that people associate with aviation is the amount of Co2 that is released into the air from aircraft. In fact in an article written in April 2009 it was stated that climate change was being influenced on a higher level than first thought with aviation being responsible for 4.7% anthropogenic fossil CO2 emissions and a rise in global temperatures of 0.028 degrees C. {2 GreenAir Communications 2009;} The amount of Co2 that is produces by aviation effects the environment as it helps create a layer around the Earth that traps in the sunlight reflecting off of the Earth effectively gradually warming up the Earth. Even though people argue that this is a natural occurrence the process is sped up by human activity and the increase in popularity of air travel and causing the amount of emissions to double since 1990. (See diagram to the left) The main cause of the high release of Co2 is due to the burning of fuel from aircraft, however Co2 is not the only gas produced. Other gases that are present are water vapour, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxides which all participate in climate change as well as C02, (Friends of the Earth 2009;} There are many consequences of climate change such as rising sea levels, increase of extreme weather, increase in spread of diseases and countries being submerged into the sea. Although these consequences seem rather extreme to us now the rate the Earth is warm up us the highest in 10,000 years. As it stands air transport is currently responsible for 13% to 15% of the UK’s current impact on climate change and 6% of the UK’s Co2 emission levels. { Clark, D 2010;} How to combat climate change with sustainable fuels

As you can see from figures above something needs to be done to eliminate these growing rates before...
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