Analyse the Methods and Conditions Which Led to Mao`S Rise to Power

Topics: Chinese Civil War, Mao Zedong, China Pages: 3 (1243 words) Published: November 22, 2010
Analyse the methods and conditions which led to Mao`s rise to power Mao`s rise to power was down to many factors just as the weakness of the GMD and Chiang Kai-shek that brought corruption, un- organization and hyperinflation, helped the communist`s to appeal to people of China, as did the events of the Chinese Civil War, that showed off Mao`s clever use of guerilla warfare and his inspirational leaderships skills. As well as Mao`s cult of personality formed from his peasant upbringing and the renowned Long March, as well as his ideology of Land Reforms and being a man of the people, all contribute to Mao Zedong`s rise to power. China had been a land of unity until the mid-nineteenth century, wars and revolutions followed after that. When the last emperor abdicated and the Warlord Era came over, the country fell in a state of chaos. The GMD then reunited the country promising the three principles of nationalism, democracy and land reform. Chiang Kai-shek- the leader of GMD ignored the ideas of democracy and land reform, he was a strong nationalist and even though he had contacts with Russia he was very right winged and turned out to be very anti-communist. By 1927 GMD lost their popularity meanwhile Communists Party started gaining support, Chiang Kai-shek started a so called “ purification movement”, which meant nothing else than killing thousands of communists. This movement turned the masses against the GMD, as they understood that GMD don`t keep their word about the three aims which they promised, and oppositely made a way for the Communist Party. The two parties declared war on each other, due to the slaughters in Shanghai, Mao was able to set up the first communist base in Kiangsi. More and more communists joined Mao in this base, but Chiang and his army soon surrounded the villages around Kiangsi and Mao was forced on the Long March. Quoting a Chinese saying “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step” we realize that this first step for Mao...
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